Europe's largest aerospace group posted adjusted 2017 operating profit of 4.253 billion euros on revenues of 66.767 billion euros and predicted a 20 percent rise in the widely watched core profit item.
Analysts were on average expecting adjusted 2017 operating profits of 3.996 billion euros and revenues of 67.343 billion, according to a poll conducted for Reuters.
The A400M charge comes after Airbus last week reached a provisional agreement with seven European NATO buyer nations over further delays in deliveries for the new troop carrier.
Airbus Chief Executive Tom Enders said in a results statement that the deal would "significantly reduce the remaining programme risks".
Airbus announced an 11 percent dividend hike.
It also reaffirmed a target of around 800 jetliner deliveries for 2018, subject to the performance of its engine manufacturers.
Airbus is in the midst of a switchover on its best-selling A320 family to an upgraded model with new engines, but has been beset by delays in engine supplies mainly from Pratt & Whitney.
The impact of a new problem discovered with those engines a week ago is "under assessment," Airbus said.
The planemaker, which competes with Boeing, reported "good progress" on production of the new A350 wide-body jet and reiterated plans to reach output of 10 a month by end-year.
Airbus also said it had reached agreement with European credit agencies that will allow Airbus to apply for export credits on a case by case basis.
The funding was suspended in 2016 when Airbus was reported to have made misleading applications, triggering a corruption probe.
However, Airbus took a 117 million euro fourth-quarter charge following a settlement with German prosecutors over a corruption case linked to a fighter sale to Austria, including some 35 million euros of ongoing legal costs.
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