Gujarat is very crucial for the BJP as it is the home state of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. In the Lok Sabha election in 2014, the BJP won all the 26 seats. Here, the party has been in power for almost three decades, making anti-incumbency a natural apprehension. But in recent months, the party has won many local elections and the steady flow of Congressmen into the BJP has weakened the opposition.
The BJP has given charge of the Gujarat election to union ministers Arun Jaitely and Nirmala Sitaraman. The party has nominated Piyush Goel to steer the party in Karnataka while Himachal has been assigned to Tawar Singh Ghelot.
Karnataka and Himachal are Congress-ruled states and here, anti incumbency will work against the Congress. In both the states, the BJP did extremely well in the 2014 elections.
Giving charge of these three states to union ministers who are already heavily burdened by their considerable responsibilities is a calculated move. As union ministers, they are expected to be able to unite all sections of the party and enable the better and clearer explanation of the various populist schemes of the Narendra Modi government to voters.
Another possible reason for their selection is that they will carry more weight with the cadre as representing the PM's diktat and wishes. Also, don't forget their experience in running elections campaigns: In the last three years, in all assembly elections, the party has selected central ministers to lead the BJP's campaign.
The political significance of the approaching elections also lies in their chronology in the run-up to the Lok Sabha poll. The BJP has been, ever since the last Lok Sabha poll, working on a ten-year strategy and party chief Amit Shah has often said that his goal is to bring the party to power from parliament to panchayat throughout the country. To achieve this goal, the party cannot afford to lose a single election. In the next one year, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan will also vote. These are all BJP-ruled states and any reversal in these can dampen the spirit for 2019.
What are the prospects of the party in the states due for election in the near future?
In Gujarat, the BJP has been able to decimate the Congress. Two years ago, it looked as if the Aam Aadmi Party could pose a challenge to BJP in Gujarat. Then, the Patel agitation led by Hardik Patel gave a new momentum to the anti-incumbency feeling. In 2016, in some of the local body polls, the Congress performed well, particularly in rural areas, and it seemed to be recapturing its base. But the BJP soon recovered, taking immediate corrective steps and taking the lead in reaching out to new segments. The party last year replaced Chief Minister Anandiben with a more youthful and energetic face in Vijay Rupani. It took a number of steps to resolve the Patel community's grievances and the fact that even today, the community, which constitutes some 16 per cent of the vote bank, still dominates in the BJP rank and file. The party has given many leaders from the community important positions of power. Hardik Patel's overreach to states like Bihar, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh proved his undoing. And the promise of an anti-BJP plank under Hardik Patel received a set back after the BJP started winning every local body election held in the last one year.
It is also likely to galvanize the party in its traditional stronghold in minority, Dalit and Adivasi pockets. The Congress will be trying to unite all anti-BJP forces and persons under its umbrella. It has now become clear that the Congress was behind the Hardik Patel agitation demanding reservation for the Patel community. The BJP has largely overcome the anti-incumbency baggage because of the flow of other party leaders to its ranks. And the fact that the prestige and honour of the Prime Minister will be on trial in his home state is likely to rally Gujarat voters to the BJP. The top strategist and a veteran of many electoral victories, Arun Jaitley, leading the BJP charge shows that the party is confident of winning another term.
In comparison, the Congress will find it difficult in both Himachal and Karnataka where it has been facing corruption charges. And in most by-elections held in recent times, the party has performed badly. On the face of it, the BJP is on the ascent in both these states. There is sufficient time for political equations to change in Karnataka, most likely after the Himachal and Gujarat polls.
The Congress is entirely dependent on Chief Minister Virbhadra Singh for its existence in Himachal. However, reports say that the corruption charges against him were leaked to the BJP by a faction owing allegiance to the high command in Delhi. Virbhadra Singh has faced raids and Enforcement Directorate investigations ever since he assumed office. It is an uphill task for Congress to face the BJP onslaught.
On the face of it, the BJP looks comfortably poised in all the three states.
(Dr R. Balashankar is Member, BJP Central Committee on Training, and Committee on Publications and former Convener BJP National Intellectual Cell and former Editor Organiser.)
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