Freedom fighters Sarojini Naidu and Sucheta Kriplani were the country's first woman govenor and chief minister respectively.
Ms Naidu, popularly known as the 'Nightingale of India', was the governor of the United Provinces, now known as Uttar Pradesh, from 1947 to 1949.
She was born in a Bengali family on February 13, 1879 in Hyderabad and was educated in Chennai, London and Cambridge.
Ms Naidu was a follower of Mahatama Gandhi and participated in the freedom struggle. She, later, went on to become the president of the Indian National Congress.
A poet of modern India, she wrote a collection, including children's poems, nature poems, patriotic poems and poems of love and death.
Ms Kriplani, who held the chief minister's office from 1963 to 1967, had come to the forefront during the Quit India Movement in 1942.
She worked closely with Mahatma Gandhi during the Partition riots. She was one of the few women who were elected to the Constituent Assembly and was part of the sub-committee that drafted the Constitution.
A woman has never before been elected as head of the municipal body. This time, however, the Lucknow mayoral seat has been reserved for women, hence all parties have fielded women candidates.
The city got its chance to elect a woman mayor 100 years after the Uttar Pradesh Municipalities Act came into existence.
The Samajwadi Party has selected Meera Vardhan, kin of educationist Acharya Narendra Dev and the Congress has pitched Prema Awasthi, wife of the former Congress legislator Surendra Nath. P
The civic polls will be held in the state capital tomorrow in the second leg of the three-phase municipal elections across Uttar Pradesh.
Lucknow has thrice sent a woman to the Lok Sabha as its representative with Sheila Kaul being elected in 1971, 1980 and 1984.
(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)