- Supreme Court allows passive euthanasia
- Top Court: Persons with terminal illness can make 'living will'
- Court can set up medical board to decide if passive euthanasia is needed
A 'living will' is made by a person, in his normal state of mind, seeking voluntary euthanasia in case of terminal illness, if he or she reaches an irreversible vegetative state.
A five judge constitution bench of the Supreme Court said passive euthanasia is permissible; the court has framed detailed guidelines using its extraordinary power.
The 'advance directives' can be issued and executed by 'next friend and relatives' of terminally ill people but a medical board to take a final call.
As per the guidelines of the Supreme Court, a family member or friend of the terminally ill person, seeking passive euthanasia can go to the High Court, which will constitute a medical board that will decide if passive euthanasia is needed.