The Congress has been out of power in the state since 2003 and the results are seen as a morale boost for the camp which is planning to go all out against the BJP in the assembly polls due later this year.
The Congress has been in power in Raghogarh for the last two decades.
In civic body elections across the state the BJP has won six president posts, while Congress has bagged two. An Independent candidate has also won a president post.
Elections to local bodies in various cities and towns of Madhya Pradesh along with Panchayati Raj institutions in different districts were held on Wednesday.
The elections recorded 66 per cent turnout, officials had said.
The voting was held from 7 am to 5 pm, the state Election Commission had said, adding that elaborate security arrangements were made during the day for peaceful conduct of polling.