The polls are being seen as the first major electoral test for Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath, who unveiled the 'Sankalp Patra', a virtual poll manifesto, at the BJP headquarters here along with deputy chief ministers Keshav Prasad Maurya and Dinesh Sharma, state Urban Development minister Suresh Khanna and UP BJP chief Mahendra Nath Pandey.
At the event, Mr Adityanath spoke about providing services transparently and without "partiality".
"As many as 652 urban local bodies across the state are going to polls, the highest number so far. This includes 16 municipal corporations. Earlier, there were 12 municipal corporations in the state," the chief minister said.
He expressed happiness that the Ayodhya and MathuraVrindavan municipal corporations, constituted by his government, were going to polls for the first time.
The 'Sankalp Patra' comprises 28 promises (sankalps) including better drinking water facilities, improved street lighting, free community toilets, pink toilets for women, grant of Rs 20,000 for the construction of personal toilets, provision of adarsh nagar panchayat, e-tendering and 'kanji' houses for stray animals.
It also seeks to protect the interests of small shopkeepers, promises free water connections to every house, time-bound disposal of public grievances, proper bus service, clean environment, effective implementation of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, beautification of parks, house tax exemptions to freedom fighters and their dependents.
Development of cities as 'smart cities', better parking arrangements, auditoriums and exhibition grounds and awarding the best performing workers were among the other promises.
Chief Minister Adityanath said the state government had "ended partiality in power supply" in the state.
"In the urban areas of the state we have begun providing electrification to all households with focus on saving energy.
In the unauthorised colonies, we have started the electrification process, and provided more than 20 lakh connections in these seven months. This has helped in curbing power theft," he said.
He added that all street lights in the urban areas of the state will be changed to LED lights. For this we have entered into an agreement with ESL and in the first phase the street lights in all the 16 municipal corporations will be changed, he said.
"Work in this regard has been completed in Varanasi and Allahabad, and is going on in Lucknow, Gorakhpur, Agra and Kanpur," he said.
"Rs 20,000 will be given for construction of personal toilets. Apart from this solid waste management will be strengthened. The door-to-door garbage collection system has started functioning in a few parts of the state. Our endeavour will be to increase its ambit, once the new urban local bodies under the leadership of the BJP begin functioning," Adityanath said.
On the issue of stray animals, the UP chief minister said that in the first phase, in 16 municipal corporations, along with one big 'gaushala', an old kanji house will be revived.
Asked whether the civic election results will be seen as a referendum on the state government, Mr Adityanath said, "We consider every election as an examination. But, the question is that opposition has already left the field."
He said the speed of developmental works would depend upon the constitution of the new urban local bodies.
"If the new urban local bodies are of the BJP, then there will be no problems, as the ideology will be the same. Else, like in the past there was government of rival party in the state. The Centre wanted to give funds for development..," he said.
As many as 24 districts will go to polls on November 22, while 25 districts will go to polls on November 26, and 26 districts on November 29.
Counting of votes for 16 nagar nigams, 198 nagar palika parishads and 438 nagar panchayats will be done on December 1.
More than 3.32 crore voters will be eligible to cast their ballots at 36,269 polling booths and 11,389 polling stations.
The polls will be held eight months after the BJP came to power with a landslide victory in the state. Though, the BJP has traditionally been strong in urban constituencies, the acid test for Adityanath would be to match the performance of the Assembly elections.
In 2012, the BJP had swept mayoral polls, winning 10 of the 12 mayor posts. Lucknow mayor Dinesh Sharma is now a deputy chief minister of UP.