He also questioned Prime Minister Narendra Modi's "silence" on various issues, including the alleged rape of a girl in Unnao by a BJP MLA.
"The atmosphere in the country is deteriorating. Dalits, adivasis (tribals), women and youth are being attacked. Wherever the BJP is in power, it is dividing people and making them fight among themselves," he alleged.
The Congress president was answering questions posed by his party's booth-level workers in Bilaspur.
"A BJP MLA from Uttar Pradesh (allegedly) raped a woman, but the prime minister does not even utter a word. When a PM does not give direction, a country becomes direction-less."
He said if the Congress was voted to power in Chhattisgarh, then those who commit crimes against women and Dalits would be strictly punished and jailed. "If anyone breaks the law of the land, stern action will be taken against them," he said.
Mr Gandhi's two-day tour of Chhattisgarh, where Assembly elections are due later this year, started yesterday.