The top court said that once the Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) grants certification to a movie, there cannot be any kind of obstruction for its exhibition.
A bench of Chief Justice Dipak Misra and Justices A M Khanwilkar and D Y Chandrachud said after the certification from CBFC, no group, body, association or individuals can create any kind of disturbance in exhibition of the film.
Petitioner Harinder S Sikka, a retired Naval officer and the producer of the film, had approached the top court claiming that the SGPC had recently banned the release of film which is based on the life and teachings of Sikhism's founder Guru Nanak Dev, even after the CBFC cleared it on March 28.
The bench said the writ petition presented yet another picture of "many a private body endeavouring to curtail the freedom of expression of the idea of an author scripted in celluloid language because they have a perception that there will be some kind of law and order situation if the film in question, namely, Nanak Shah Fakir is released in movie halls".
It said that creating disturbance even after CBFC certification was akin to "becoming a law unto themselves and not respecting the law that governs the land".
"Once the film is granted certificate by the competent statutory board, unless the said certificate is nullified or modified by any superior authority, the producer or distributor of the film has every right to get it exhibited in a movie hall," it said.
The top court observed that if such activities are encouraged, the same has the potentiality to bring in "anarchy and cripple the right of freedom of speech and expression".
"In any case, such bodies, groups or individuals cannot assume the position as if they are the authorities to grant certificate or unless they feel that the movie is to be released, it should not see the light of the day. The thought, the least said, is unacceptable".
"It is the duty of the State to facilitate the enjoyment of right which has the sanction of law," the top court said and directed the petitioner to communicate its order via e-mail to all the concerned authorities, so that needful can be done.
It listed the matter for further hearing on May 8.
Mr Sikka, in his plea, has sought protection of the fundamental right of speech and expression and propagation of religious views, which, he claimed, was being curtailed by certain sections having vested interests in scuttling the release of the movie.
The film was initially cleared by CBFC on March 30, 2015, and slated for release in April 2015, but after widescale protests, it was banned in Punjab for two months.
After the ban, Mr Sikka had withdrawn its worldwide release. He claimed to have held deliberations with the SGPC on various issues relating to the movie and, as suggested, carried out necessary modification. Following this, he had again approached the CBFC for clearance.
The CBFC had again cleared the movie on March 28, 2018, but now SGPC, through a letter dated March 30, has withdrawn its support to the movie.
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