The derailment occurred around 10pm, about 30 km away from the Katni railway station, Railway Protection Force Inspector Virendra Singh said.
West Central Railway's Chief Public Relation Officer Gunjan Gupta confirmed the derailment and said that further detail were awaited .
Mr Singh said at least six passengers sustained injuries in the incident. A relief train had reached the site.
The reason for the derailment is not yet clear.