Here are the 10 latest developments:
Ms Jayalalithaa, 66, followed the Supreme Court's directive and issued a statement this evening, urging the adoring workers of her party, the AIADMK, to remain calm and not resort to violence, as they have in recent weeks.
She was convicted by a Bangalore court on September 27 for collecting land, gold and other assets vastly exceeding her income in a case that had dragged on for nearly two decades.
She was sentenced to four years in jail; she has appealed against her conviction and sentence in the Karnataka High Court. (Also read: How Jayalalithaa's 18 Year-Long Trial Ended in 7 Minutes)
The Supreme Court today asked her lawyers to ensure that all paperwork for her appeal is completed by December 18, or her bail could be cancelled.
"If the paperwork is not filed within two months, then we won't give you even a single day more," the Supreme Court bench headed by Chief Justice HL Dattu said.
The top court said it will then ask the Karnataka High Court to decide her appeal within three months to ensure a faster trial than the current case, which dragged on for nearly two decades.
Following her conviction, Jayalalithaa, who heads the AIADMK, was obliged by law to step down as Tamil Nadu chief minister. She was replaced by loyalist O Panneerselvam at a swearing-in ceremony where many Cabinet members sobbed into handkerchiefs in an emotional display of fidelity.
Outside her famous Poes Garden residence in Chennai today, hundreds of supporters danced joyously, shouting "Amma, Amma" in the pouring rain. (Read more...)
Her case was transferred from Tamil Nadu to adjacent Karnataka in 2001 to ensure her political clout would not influence her trial.
Jayalalithaa's AIADMK is the third-largest party in Parliament, an accomplishment owed partly to her schemes that entitle people in Tamil Nadu to free grinders, laptops and more.