- More than half the languages spoken in India could die out in 50 years
- The People's Linguistic Survey of India (PSLI) has raised this issue
- India's 1.3 billion population speaks as many as 780 different languages
The People's Linguistic Survey of India (PSLI) raised the alarm during the launch of the latest 11 volumes in its planned 50 volume survey of the country's languages. India's people speak as many as 780 different languages, the PSLI said.
"At least 400 Indian languages are at the risk of dying in coming 50 years," GN Devy, the chairman of PSLI, said.
Each time a language is lost, the corresponding culture is killed, Mr Devy said, adding that India had already lost 250 languages in the last five decades.
The group of scholars and teachers at PSLI documents Indian regional languages in order to conserve cultural heritage and diversity.
Most at risk are marginal tribal communities whose children receive no education or, if they do go to school, are taught in one of India's 22 officially recognised languages.
"Maithili, which is spoken in the eastern state of Bihar, is at least 1,000 years old. Similarly there are several old languages which are surviving somehow in India, but we are hardly passing them on," said political psychologist Ashis Nandy.
Mr Devy said the PSLI will start work on a project to document about 6,000 living languages spoken around the world. The report is scheduled to come out by 2025.
(Reporting by Mohi Narayan; Editing by Douglas Busvine and Christian Schmollinger)
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