- ISIS' propaganda agency said an ISIS detachment carried out the attack
- Military personnel took over guard duty at "protected sites"
- Britain raised its threat level to maximum, deploying troops to key sites
"The bombing on a metro in London was carried out by a detachment of the Islamic State" group, it said in a statement published by its Amaq propaganda agency.
Britain raised its threat level to maximum on Friday and announced troops would be deployed to key sites after a bomb detonated on a packed London Underground train, injuring at least 29 people in an attack claimed by the Islamic State group.
The explosion -- Britain's fifth terror attack in six months -- sparked a "wall of fire" that left passengers with burns and caused a stampede of panicking people in which some were trampled.
Twelve hours after the blast at Parsons Green station in southwest London, Prime Minister Theresa May announced the national threat level would be raised to "critical", meaning another attack may be imminent.
She said military personnel would take over guard duty at certain closed "protected sites", freeing up 1,000 police officers to be deployed on the transport network and on streets across Britain.
The country was last on critical alert after the bombing at a concert in Manchester in May, which was also claimed by the IS group.
In a statement Friday, IS said a "detachment" had carried out Friday's attack in London.
No-one has yet been arrested over the bombing, but anti-terrorism police chief Mark Rowley said the investigation was making "really good progress".
"We're chasing down suspects," he told reporters.
"Somebody has planted this improvised explosive device on the Tube. We have to be open-minded at this stage about him and potential associates."
Rowley earlier said most of the injuries were due to "flash burns", while others were wounded as passengers ran out of the station in panic.
A local resident, Charlie Craven, who was on his way to the station at the time of the attack, said he heard a "massive bang".
"I saw an orange sort of fireball encompassing the whole Tube coming towards you," he told AFP.
Witness Lauren Hubbard described it as "a wall of fire".
Twitter user @Rrigs posted pictures of a white bucket smouldering on the train and described how a "fireball flew down carriage and we just jumped out open door".
The bucket, which was inside a frozen food bag from the budget supermarket chain Lidl, looked like the type used by builders and there appeared to be cables coming out of it.
- 'Unhelpful speculation' -
US President Donald Trump said that "loser terrorists" were behind the attack, adding that they were already "in the sights" of British police.
London's Metropolitan Police dismissed the tweet as "unhelpful speculation", while May also rebuked him.
"I never think it's helpful for anybody to speculate on what is an ongoing investigation," she said, speaking after an emergency meeting of senior ministers.
May said the device was "clearly intended to cause significant harm," condemning it as a "cowardly attack".
Speaking on Friday evening, Rowley said the remnants of the bomb were being examined by forensic scientists.
British media reported that it had timer but failed to detonate fully.
Otso Iho, a senior analyst at Jane's Terrorism and Insurgency Centre, said the attack showed a "continued high intent but low capability" in the terrorism threat in Britain.
Hans Michels, a professor of chemical engineering at Imperial College, said the flash flame "suggests that the explosion was only partly successful".
"Much of the bucket still seems to be intact and there appear to be no victims with lethal impact wounds," he said.
- Armed police on patrol -
The London Ambulance Service said none of the 29 victims treated in hospital were in a serious life-threatening condition, and eight have since been released.
Louis Hather, 21, had been travelling to work and was three carriages down from where the explosion took place.
"I could smell the burning. Like when you burn plastic," he told AFP.
He was trampled on as passengers stampeded out of the station and his leg was badly cut and bruised.
Sally Faulding, a 51-year-old teacher, said: "People were falling over each other."
Richard Aylmer-Hall, 52, told the Press Association: "There was panic, lots of people shouting, screaming, lots of screaming."
The area around Parsons Green station -- a quiet and wealthy residential district, filled with chic cafes -- was evacuated for most of the day.
Local residents and businesses rallied together to offer tea, phone charging points, and the use of their toilets to people unable to get home.
Four previous attacks in London and Manchester this year claimed the lives of 35 people.
Three of those attacks involved a vehicle ploughing into pedestrians.
The other attack was a bombing in May at a pop concert by US star Ariana Grande in Manchester which killed 22 people, including several children.