Three Indians Rajubhai Patel, 32, Viraj Patel, 33, Dilip Kumar Ambal Patel, 53, and Fahad Ali, 25, a Pakistani national each pleaded guilty to money laundering conspiracy before US District Court Judge David Hittner of the Southern District of Texas.
Hardik Patel, 31, an Indian national pleaded guilty to wire fraud conspiracy before the same court on June 2.
Sentencing dates are pending for all five defendants, the Department of Justice said.
Based on the statements in his June 2 guilty plea, beginning August 2012, Hardik owned and managed the day-to-day operations of an India-based scam call centre before later leaving for the US.
While in India, in his capacity as a manager, Hardik communicated extensively via email, text, and other means with various India-based co-defendants to operate the scheme and exchange scripts used in the scheme, coordinate the processing of payments from scammed victims, obtain and exchange lead lists used by callers to target US victims, and exchange spreadsheets containing the personal identifying information (PII) of US persons misappropriated by the scammers to register reloadable cards used in the scheme.
He also managed worker payroll and kept detailed records of profits and expenses for various associated scam call centres.
Viraj Patel first became involved in the conspiracy between April and September 2013, prior to entering the US, when he worked at and assisted with overseeing the operations of a call centre in India engaging in scam activity at the behest of a co-defendant.
Dilipkumar A Patel operated as a runner in and around Southern California, along with other co-defendants based in the region.
Fahad Ali worked as a member of a crew of runners operating in the Chicago, Illinois area, the Southern District of Texas and elsewhere throughout the country.
To date, 56 individuals and five India-based call centres have been charged for their roles in the fraud and money laundering scheme in an indictment returned by a federal grand jury in the Southern District of Texas on October 19, 2016.
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