David Malpass, Undersecretary for International Affairs, told an Institute of International Finance conference that what he called an increasing amount of state control over China's economy, coupled with the end of term limits for President Xi Jinping, was "worrisome to the world."
"We see that in the G20 process and the G7 process, and recognising that having such a big economy in the world move away from markets has not been good for us and the world and will continue to cause difficulty," Malpass said at the IIF conference in Buenos Aires that coincides with a G20 finance ministers and central bank governors meeting on Monday and Tuesday.
"Our invitation is for the world to recognise this and also for China to recognise this commercially and move toward freedom and market orientation," he added.
A US Treasury official said last week that the United States would try to garner support at the G20 meeting to push back state subsidies and other economic policies.
Malpass also criticized China's investment rules that restrict access for foreign firms, saying this "makes it very hard for the world to invest in China" in ways that are compatible with the investor country's laws.
"This is completely an unworkable and non-reciprocal arrangement," he said.
Malpass said the Treasury has ended a formal economic discussion process with China known as the Comprehensive Economic Dialogue because it failed to produce results in reviving China's move toward market liberalisation. But Trump administration officials, led by Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, were engaging senior Chinese officials in private, personal discussions "in order to try to bring the focus back to market liberalisation."
Regarding currencies, Malpass said that relative stability, partly brought about by broad global growth, had lessened the need for intensive discussions on the matter.
"One of the things we have is synchronized global growth and the currencies are relatively stable, so that is part of good policies in many countries around the world and that encourages growth and investment," Malpass said. "So I think we have a context where there's less criticality to the discussion of the exchange rates."
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