Considered close to former party president Nitin Gadkari, he is a member of Prime Minister Narendra Modi's core group.
A former banker, Mr Javadekar, 63, had his grooming in politics in Akhil Bhartiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP), the students wing of RSS.
He was a member of the Maharashtra Legislative Council for two terms from 1990 to 2002 before being elected to Rajya Sabha in 2008.
He was instrumental in striking a deal with Chandrababu Naidu's TDP.
Mr Javadekar also played a role in unearthing cash-for-vote scam.
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