Work from home during the Covid pandemic has its benefits but it has also put working women under a "triple burden", says President Ram Nath Kovind.
In a letter to young Indians published in the Manorama Yearbook 2022, he says women already have the double burden of paid work and "unpaid work", that is, domestic responsibilities.
"On top of that, as children attend school from home, their learning has to be supplemented by the parents, and that task usually falls on the mother," President Kovind writes in the letter, titled "Arise, The Future Beckons".
"The new stress on family time should be welcome for male employees, so that they can share some of the responsibilities of their partners. In any case, studies show that hard work in itself can be even counterproductive and as the number of hours spent on work goes up, productivity comes down in some instances," he writes.
The President also says that the pandemic has taught us "exactly those lessons that will come handy for climate action".
The pandemic has been an unprecedented crisis, but it may as well be just a warning of a far bigger crisis that is looming over the horizon.
"Climate change is no longer a matter of scientific research and policy discussions; its impact is already tangible, and we are fast running out of time to keep global warming within feasible limits," he writes.
The decade of the 2020s, he says, could turn out to be the most decisive point. "The situation is dire and pessimism won't be out of place, but I remain hopeful."
President Kovind's hope stems from the fact that "we have seen what we are capable of when our collective existence was threatened by the coronavirus. COVID-19 has shown what humankind can do if all nations join hands and are guided by nothing other than concern for our common future coupled with respect for science".
On career opportunities, he writes: "As average Indians in your twenties, the question of career is bound to be uppermost in your minds. Under social imperatives or under peer pressure, many of you often equate a 'career' with a 'job', preferably with the assurance of its continuity till superannuation. That is understandable. India's bureaucracy and public sector both require talented, hardworking youngsters."
But a job, President Kovind says, need not mean a government or public-sector one only. "Our private sector has contributed immensely to the creation of wealth for all, and it would also need talent to take India's economy to new heights".
He stresses that a career need not mean a job.
"In the new century, many of our deeply held notions of 'work' were anyway undergoing changes, and COVID-19 only hastened that process. It forced movement restrictions and lockdowns on us, paralysing economies around the world. As a result, there were job losses and salary cuts, but there was also a rise in the 'gig economy'," he says.
He then goes on to say that in this "brave new world, a brave new breed of youngsters is seeking neither jobs nor the financial security of the routine nine-to-five work but a rightful recognition of and remuneration for their unique talents, for their creative vision, for their skills".
"Instead of safety, their preference is for flexibility. Instead of closing their options, they are exploring more alternatives," he writes.
Along with the gig economy, another trend in recent years, according to President Kovind, is work-life balance -- a phase when hard work alone was of paramount importance is over in many nations, organisations and sectors.
Besides featuring important happenings of 2021, the yearbook also has articles by the likes of Shashi Tharoor, Suresh Prabhu and Paranjoy Guha Thakurta among others.
Chief Editor Mammen Mathew says the yearbook is "power-packed in more than 25 sections with interesting articles by eminent writers that capture the new trends".
(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)