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The proposed law makes "Triple Talaq" an offence with a jail term of up to three years and a fine for the husband, and makes the woman entitled to maintenance. It also addresses "nikah halala", a practice under which a divorced woman has to marry another man and consummate the marriage if she wants to remarry her husband.
The four-hour debate started at 2 pm in the Lok Sabha. The BJP has asked its lawmakers to be present at full strength. Union law minister Ravi Shankar Prasad has introduced the revised bill.
The opposition was against the criminalisation of Triple Talaq, arguing that it will be a disservice to Muslim women.
The government has refused to do away with the jail term for the husband, and the provision that only empowers a magistrate, and not a local police officer, to release him on bail. It has, however, introduced three amendments, or changes, to stop the misuse of the proposed law.
Under the revised bill, only a woman, or her close relative, can file a police case against her husband. A second amendment allows her to drop the case if the couple reaches a compromise.
A third amendment says the magistrate can decide on releasing the husband on bail only after hearing the wife.
In September, the government made instant Triple Talaq punishable through an ordinance or executive order. The proposed law will replace the ordinance.
In a landmark 3-2 verdict in August last year, the Supreme Court found the practice of Triple Talaq un-Islamic and "arbitrary", and disagreed that it was an integral part of religious practices.
Since the Winter Session of Parliament started on December 11, the Lok Sabha has not been able to function properly due to frequent disruptions by opposition members.
On Friday, Speaker Sumitra Mahajan chaired a meeting of the Rules Committee which discussed a law to punish erring members with disciplinary action. The Speaker, however, said she expected the Lok Sabha to function smoothly for the passage of the Triple Talaq bill.