The Supreme Court will deliver its verdict on Section 377 today (File)
New Delhi: Four Supreme Court judges have give concurring judgements on Section 377, the controversial law that bans gay consensual sex. "Sustenance of identity is the pyramid of life," Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra said. The verdict will have a seminal impact on gay rights in the country. The Supreme Court had in 2013 restored Section 377, a controversial British-era ban on consensual gay sex. Five petitioners challenged that order. The Supreme Court began hearing their petitions in July, beginning an emotional debate over the right to freedom and privacy. "No one should have to live in fear because of their sexuality," the judges said at a hearing. The comments have largely given hope to the gay community.
Here are the top 10 updates ahead of the judgement:
- "Section 377" bans "carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman or animal" - which is widely interpreted to refer to homosexual sex.
- Gay sex is punishable by up to 10 years in jail under the 1861 law. Although prosecution under Section 377 is not common, gay activists say the police use the law to harass and intimidate members of their community.
- The ban on gay sex has been challenged by five high-profile petitioners who say they are living in fear of being punished.
- The petitioners are, Bharatnatyam dancer Navtej Singh Johar, journalist Sunil Mehra, restaurateur Ritu Dalmia, Neemrana hotel chain co-founder Aman Nath and businesswoman Ayesha Kapur.
- The petitioners argue that Section 377 violates rights principles enshrined in the constitution, like equality before law, no discrimination based on religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth and freedom of speech and expression.
- "(Homosexuality) is not an aberration, but a variation," Justice Indu Malhotra said in a hearing on July 12. "Because of family pressures and societal pressures, they are forced to marry the opposite sex and it leads to bi-sexuality and other mental trauma."
- The government is likely to go by the court and not push for criminalizing gay sex.
- The Supreme Court had in 2013 cancelled a Delhi high court order that had decriminalized homosexuality by overturning the outdated law and said it was the job of parliament to decide on scrapping laws.
- The Supreme Court this year said the court "cannot wait for a majoritarian government" to decide on enacting, amending or striking down a law if it violates fundamental rights.
- In 2009, the Delhi High Court had described Section 377 as a violation of the fundamental rights guaranteed by the constitution. It had responded to a petition by Naz Foundation, which has fought for almost a decade for gay rights.
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