It was after the constitution of India came into effect on January 26, 1950 that India became a federal, democratic republic within the commonwealth, abolishing the monarchy.
After independence, the Constituent Assembly appointed the drafting committee, with Dr BR Ambedkar as its chairman, to draft the constitution. The drafting committee was tasked with framing the constitution which would be passed and accepted by the assembly.
The Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution of India on November 26, 1949 but brought it into effect on January 26, 1950.
The day, 26 January, 1930 was declared as "Purna Swaraj Diwas" or Independence Day. However, it wasn't until 1947 that the demand was to be met. To honour the significance of the first Independence Day, members of the constituent assembly decided to enforce the constitution on January 26, marking it as Republic Day.
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