Airline passengers and crew are encouraged instead to carry the devices in the cabin "so that potential incidents could be immediately dealt with," said the UN agency.
The ICAO, based in Montreal, works with 191 member states and airlines to develop international standards and safety regulations.
The amendment to those regulations regarding e-cigarettes also prohibits recharging of electronic smoking devices in aircraft cabins.
"Several incidents have been reported involving e-cigarette heating elements being accidentally activated and resulting in fires in checked baggage," said Olumuyiwa Benard Aliu, the president of the ICAO Council.
Several airlines have already taken measures against e-cigarettes after concerns were raised late last year, he said.
The new rules are effective immediately following their provisional approval by Aliu in late May and final circulation to representatives of the ICAO's governing body and its technical arm.
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