The statement called for significant progress in rural rejuvenation by 2020, agricultural modernisation by 2035 and a "strong agriculture sector and full realization of farmers' wealth" by 2050.
"Without the modernisation of agriculture there is no national modernization," said the government's first policy statement of the year.
China has the largest agriculture sector in the world and hundreds of millions of people work as farmers but productivity is low.
China has already taken steps to modernise its sprawling farm sector in recent years in a bid to make it more efficient and better able to supply changing tastes in a wealthier, urban population.
It has been overhauling support for grain production, abandoning state stockpiling schemes and cutting support prices for major crops, such as wheat and rice, after years of bumper harvests saddled the government with overflowing reserves.
It also reiterated recent efforts to better protect water and soil, strengthen management of resources and said China will deepen land reforms, allowing for more transfer of land.
China is trying to improve financing in rural areas to support modernisation. The document said Beijing would guarantee "strategic financial input" into the revitalization, with public finance prioritising rural areas.
It also wants to improve China's agricultural trade policy system and support large grain importers and agribusinesses, it continued.
(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)
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