The previous Park Geun-Hye administration had introduced state-authored history textbooks at middle and high schools, arguing that some existing tomes reflected left-leaning and pro-North Korea ideologies.
Park's conservative government began publishing the new textbooks this year despite opposition from liberal critics, who saw them as an attempt to glorify the dictatorship of Park Chung-Hee, late father of the impeached president.
"As efforts to normalise history education, the president has ordered the abolition of state-authored textbooks," said top presidential spokesman Yoon Young-Chan, adding they "symbolise outdated and one-sided history education and attempts to divide the people".
Moon believed "history education must no longer be used for political purposes", Yoon said.
Some 80 middle and high schools in South Korea, just 1.5 percent of the total, have said they would adopt the state-issued books.
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