The law, passed in November by the country's largely rubber-stamp parliament, bans online service providers from collecting and selling users' personal information, and gives users the right to have their information deleted, in cases of abuse.
"Those who violate the provisions and infringe on personal information will face hefty fines," the news agency said on Monday, without elaborating.
Reuters reported this month that overseas business groups were pushing Chinese regulators to delay implementation of the law, saying the rules would severely hurt activities.
Until now, China's data industry has had no overarching data protection framework, being governed instead by loosely defined laws.
(Reporting by Brenda Goh; Editing by Clarence Fernandez)
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