This is the fourth court case to face Morsi since he was ousted by the army in July after mass protests against his one-year rule.
Morsi and 25 others have been charged with insulting the judiciary, the source said.
Egypt has been stepping up pressure on the Brotherhood, which it has labeled a terrorist organisation. It has arrested thousands of its leaders on accusations of violence.
The Brotherhood, once Egypt's best-organised political and religious movement, which won five consecutive elections, denies any links to violence and accuses the army of staging a military coup.
Egypt's interim government is trying to push through a political plan that would lead to presidential and parliamentary elections this year, with army chief General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi seen as a likely candidate.
On Saturday, Egyptians passed a new constitution by a majority of 98.1 per cent in a referendum boycotted by the Brotherhood.
Get Breaking news, live coverage, and Latest News from India and around the world on NDTV.com. Catch all the Live TV action on NDTV 24x7 and NDTV India. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter and Instagram for latest news and live news updates.