Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on Tuesday said the government did not seek resignation of Urjit Patel as RBI Governor over differences on some issues, and went on to cite how central bank heads were made to resign under prime ministers Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi and when Yashwant Sinha was finance minister.
Defending his government's demands from the Reserve Bank to address certain issues including liquidity or fund problem in certain sectors, he said that there is no threat to the autonomy of the central bank.
Mr Patel, who was brought in by Prime Minister Narendra Modi-government in 2016 after a second term was denied to outspoken former IMF chief economist Raghuram Rajan, in a surprise move resigned as RBI Governor on December 11.
Many blamed the pressure brought by the government on the central bank to ease lending restrictions and release more of its capital to bolster the economy for Mr Patel's resignation.
"Sarkar ki unse koi istife ki apeksha nahi thi (The government did not seek Mr Patel's resignation)," Mr Jaitley said when asked about Patel's resignation at 'Agenda Aaj Tak' programme in Delhi.
The government had cited the never-used-before provision of the RBI Act that gives it powers to issue directions to the Governor, to get the central bank to discuss its areas of concerns.
Two board meetings after that were "cordial" and decisions were taken on three-four issues while there were also some on which no decision was taken, he said, adding the issue of paring of some of RBI's over Rs 9 lakh crore reserves after deciding on an appropriate size of buffer was decided to be referred to an expert committee.
While the committee was decided to be formed in the RBI board meeting held on November 19, a consensus on the composition eluded till Patel resigned.
Mr Jaitley said the expert committee would be announced in few days time.
"So if you are saying that raising these issues is an infringement on autonomy, this is wrong," he said.
He then went on to cite past RBI governors who had resigned.
"The first governor to resign (was in) 1955 when (Prime Minister) Pt Jawaharlal Nehru wrote to Governor B Rama Rau (that) economic policy is to be framed by Government of India (and) monetary policy is to be framed by you. But your other policies like credit policies have to be in support of the government's economic policies. And if are suggesting you would resign, 'I am unable to advise you to the contrary'. So he resigned," he said.
Indira Gandhi got Sarukkai Jagannathan to resign after he refused to give an enhanced loan to Maruti.
"Yashwant Sinha, who became the high priest of RBI autonomy, during the Chandra Shekhar government called (RBI) Governor R N Malhotra and said I want your resignation," he added.
Former finance minister P Chidambaram, Mr Jaitley said, was "not on speaking terms with two Governors during his tenure."
Many central banks around the world maintain 8 per cent of gross assets as reserves while conservative ones maintain at 13-14 per cent. RBI maintains it at 28 per cent, Mr Jaitley said.
"In 2013 they said that you have Rs 1.46 lakh crore in excess you give. Then no one said that it is raiding the Reserve Bank," he said, adding reserves released can be used for infusing capital in public sector banks as well as for schemes for the benefit of poor.
"I don't need these funds for funding fiscal deficit, or government expenditure for this year till the month of May. I don't need even one rupee," he said and cited a letter written by Rajan as the chief economic advisor of the government in 2013 to RBI asking how much capital did it require.
"My government has the best fiscal record and even this year we will maintain the fiscal deficit. And therefore to maintain fiscal deficit I don't need that kind of money," he said.
On charges that the final straw in Patel's strained two-year term was the appointment of S Gurumurthy on the RBI Board, he said when the BJP came to power, a then Rajya Sabha Member of Parliament of the Congress party was a member of the board of the central bank.
He, however, did not name the member.
"Today the tragedy is, I have had the best relation with two Governors (Raghuram Rajan and Urjit Patel). I still am in active communication with both of them, even post-exit from RBI," he said.
The finance minister said the government flagged the liquidity and credit issues facing some sectors to the RBI.
"If growth is suffering then I have to go to the autonomous body and say this is your jurisdiction, there has been a problem, please solve the problem. How is that an interference on autonomy?" he asked.
"Reserve Bank is autonomous. There is no threat to its autonomy," he said. "The government is sovereign. An elected government has to reply to people, businesses. RBI does not have to reply (to them)."
The government, Mr Jaitley said, would be failing in its duty if it does not use all instruments at its command to inform the central bank about the real problems. "It would be completely incorrect for anybody to suggest that the government flagging this issue is an infringement of autonomy. We are not taking over the function," he said.
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