All You Need To Know About Donald Trump's Legal Troubles

A conviction does not bar him from running for office, and he could attempt to end the federal prosecutions or pardon himself for any federal crimes if he regains the presidency.

All You Need To Know About Donald Trump's Legal Troubles

A jury on Thursday convicted Donald Trump of 34 felony counts. (File)

Donald Trump still faces a host of legal troubles after a New York jury on Thursday convicted him of falsifying business records to cover up a hush money payment to a porn star.

The Republican candidate has been indicted in three other cases -- two in federal courts and one in state court, and has pleaded not guilty to all charges. He is unlikely to face trial in these before squaring off with Democratic President Joe Biden in the Nov. 5 U.S. election.

A conviction does not bar him from running for office, and he could attempt to end the federal prosecutions or pardon himself for any federal crimes if he regains the presidency.

Here is a look at the major legal cases facing the former U.S. president:


A jury on Thursday convicted Trump of 34 felony counts of falsifying business records to cover up a $130,000 payment his former lawyer Michael Cohen made to porn star Stormy Daniels for her silence before the 2016 presidential election about a sexual encounter she said she had with him in 2006.

It could be the only trial Trump faces before the election. Manhattan District Attorney Alvin Bragg, a Democrat, accused Trump of trying to conceal a violation of election laws by recording his reimbursement to Cohen as monthly legal fees in his real estate company's books.

Trump pleaded not guilty on April 4, 2023 and has denied having a sexual encounter with Daniels but acknowledged reimbursing Cohen for the payment. His lawyers have said that the hush money payment could have been intended to spare himself and his family embarrassment, not to benefit his presidential campaign.

Prosecutors argued the altered records covered up election-law and tax-law violations - since the money was essentially an unreported contribution to Trump's campaign - that elevate the crimes from misdemeanors to felonies punishable by up to four years in prison.

Trump has called Cohen a "serial liar" and Cohen's credibility was a key issue during the trial.


The U.S. Supreme Court in April considered Trump's claim that he has immunity from prosecution for trying to overturn his 2020 election loss to Biden.

The federal case, brought by Special Counsel Jack Smith was scheduled to go to trial on March 4 but is on hold awaiting the top court's ruling.

On Jan. 6, 2021, Trump's supporters attacked the Capitol - assaulting police and breaking into the building - after the then-president gave a speech telling them to march there and "fight like hell" to prevent the election from being "stolen."They carried out a deadly rampage while U.S. lawmakers were inside meeting to certify Biden's victory. Prosecutors said Trump exploited the attack, spurning advice urging him to quickly send a message directing the rioters to leave.

Trump and others also organized fraudulent slates of electors in seven states, all of which he lost, to be certified as official by Congress in a bid to thwart certification of Biden's victory, the indictment said.

Trump pleaded not guilty on Aug. 3, 2023, to a four-count indictment, which presented examples of Trump's false claims of widespread voting fraud and noted that close advisers had told him the election results were legitimate.

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in February rejected Trump's argument that former presidents cannot face criminal charges for conduct related to their official responsibilities.

During arguments, the Supreme Court's conservative judges signaled some support for U.S. presidents having some level of protection from criminal charges for certain acts taken in office. The eventual ruling may narrow the special counsel's allegations against Trump, but it is likely that at least parts of the indictment will survive.


Trump was ordered in February to pay $354.9 million in penalties after a New York state judge, Justice Arthur Engoron, ruled last September that the former president repeatedly committed fraud, overstating his net worth by as much as $3.6 billion a year.

In a civil fraud case, New York State Attorney General Letitia James, a Democrat had accused Trump and his family real estate business, the Trump Organization, of lying from 2011 to 2021 about his net worth and the value of his properties to obtain better terms from lenders and insurers.

With daily interest that began to accrue in 2019, the payout had grown to $454.2 million with interest by Feb. 22, and additional interest is tacked on each day.

Trump posted a $175 million bond while he appeals the judgment, averting state seizure of his assets to satisfy the verdict.


Trump on Aug. 31, 2023, pleaded not guilty to state criminal charges in Georgia arising from his efforts to reverse his 2020 election loss to Biden. A grand jury indicted him after an investigation by the office of Georgia District Attorney Fani Willis, a Democrat.

He was charged with 13 felony counts, accused of pressuring state officials to reverse his election loss in Georgia and setting up a fake slate of electors to undermine the congressional certification of Biden's victory.

Trump and 18 co-defendants were charged under Georgia's broadly written Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act that originally targeted the mafia. The judge later dismissed six counts, including three against Trump.

In January, a controversy erupted over a personal relationship Willis had with special prosecutor Nathan Wade.

Judge Scott McAfee in March ruled that Willis could remain on the case but said Wade must step down, which he did. In May, an appeals court agreed to hear Trump's bid seeking to disqualify Willis, further delaying the case.

Other co-defendants in the case include Trump's former White House chief of staff Mark Meadows and lawyers Rudy Giuliani and John Eastman. They have pleaded not guilty.

Four people charged in the case, including former Trump lawyers Sidney Powell, Kenneth Chesebro and Jenna Ellis, pleaded guilty after striking deals with prosecutors.

No trial date has been set.


Trump pleaded not guilty on June 13, 2023, and again on Aug. 4, 2023, to charges brought by Smith in federal court in Florida that he unlawfully kept classified national security documents after leaving office in January 2021 and misled officials who sought to recover them.

Trump faces 40 criminal counts in the case. A trial is on indefinite hold after U.S. District Judge Aileen Cannon, a Trump appointee, postponed a scheduled May 20 start without setting a new date.

The documents included information about the U.S. nuclear program and potential vulnerabilities in the event of an attack, according to the indictment. Smith accused Trump of risking national secrets by taking thousands of sensitive papers with him when he left the White House and storing them haphazardly at his Mar-a-Lago estate in Florida and golf club in New Jersey.

Trump faces charges that include violations of the Espionage Act, which criminalizes unauthorized possession of defense information, and conspiracy to obstruct justice, which carries a maximum sentence of 20 years in prison.

Trump has argued that he deemed the materials personal property.


A Manhattan jury on Jan. 26 ordered Trump to pay $83.3 million to writer E. Jean Carroll in her defamation lawsuit against him. Jurors found that Trump harmed Carroll and acted with malice when he defamed her by denying in 2019 that he raped her in the mid-1990s in a Bergdorf Goodman department store dressing room in Manhattan.

A federal judge in April rejected Trump's bid to throw out the award and his bid for a new trial. Trump is appealing the award.

On May 9, 2023, another jury ordered Trump to pay Carroll $5 million over his similar October 2022 denial, finding that he had defamed and sexually abused Carroll. Trump also has appealed that decision.

Trump has denied any encounter with Carroll and accused her of making up her story to sell her memoir.

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)