2. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome
MERS-CoV causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and according to the WHO, it emerged in September 2012 in Saudi Arabia, although initial cases were later traced back to Jordan. Humans contract MERS-CoV through contact with infected camels. The virus is also transmitted from infected humans to other humans.
No vaccine or specific treatment is currently available and the disease is controlled through isolation and quarantine, however, several MERS-CoV specific vaccines and treatments are in development.
Since 2012, 27 countries have reported more than 2,400 MERS cases, with the majority of cases reported from Saudi Arabia. Health authorities around the world continue to monitor MERS cases.