Tipu Sultan Jayanti: Know about the life and works of Tipu Sultan
Tipu Sultan was born as Sultan Fateh Ali Sahab Tipu on November 20, 1750 in Devanahalli, present-day Bangalore.
Tipu Sultan was born to Fatima Fakhr-un-Nisa and Hyder Ali, the Sultan of Mysore. Tipu Sultan succeeded his father in 1782.
His reign is remembered for many technological and administrative innovations. Among them was introduction of new coin denominations and new coin types. He also introduced a luni-solar calendar.
Tipu Sultan is also considered a pioneer in the use of rocket artillery. He expanded the use of rockets, deploying as many as 5,000 rocketeers at a time.
The rockets deployed by him during the Battle of Pollilur in 1780 and Siege of Seringapatam in 1799 were said to be more advanced than the British had previously seen.
Tipu Sultan introduced a land revenue system which gave a boost to the Mysore silk industry and helped in establishing Mysore as a major economic power.
Tipu Sultan had great love for horticulture and gardening. His father and him have been credited for establishing the 40-acre Lalbagh Botanical Garden in Bengaluru.
Several architectural monuments like Srirangapatna's Daria Daulat Bagh Jama Masjid and Gumbaz have also been built by the Tipu Sultan.
He fought several wars against the Marathas and the British and came out victorious. In the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War between 1798-99, however, he was defeated when the forces of the British East India Company, the Marathas and the Nizam of Hyderabad came together.
Tipu Sultan was killed on May 4, 1799 while defending his fort of Srirangapatna, present-day Mandya in Karnataka.