China's foreign minister claimed the project in no way "undermined" basic position on Kashmir
China said today that it was bracing to hold the next Wuhan-style summit with India this year despite India's decision to boycott Beijing's second Belt and Road Forum to be held in Beijing next week.
India is boycotting the summit for the second straight year to protest its sovereignty concerns over the USD 60 billion so-called "China-Pakistan Economic Corridor" or "CPEC" as it runs through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, which is part of Jammu and Kashmir.
Addressing a media conference ahead of the Belt and Road Forum (BRF) being held from April 25-27 to showcase China's trillion-dollar Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi made an impassioned appeal to India to shed its opposition to the so-called "China-Pakistan Economic Corridor" or "CPEC" claiming that the project in no way "undermined" basic position on the Kashmir issue.
Mr Wang said, so far 37 heads of state and governments had confirmed their participation in the Belt and Road Forum. Representatives from over 150 countries and 90 international organisations - close to 5000 participants have confirmed their participation.
Leaders of Pakistan and Nepal are among the countries from the neighbourhood who would take part in the Belt and Road Forum meeting being held in Beijing from April 25 to April 27.
India has already signalled that it will boycott the Belt and Road Forum like it did in 2017 to highlight its objections over the so-called "CPEC".
The so-called "China-Pakistan Economic Corridor" project being officially designated as the flagship project of the Belt and Road Initiative has become a stumbling block for India to take part in it as the controversial project is being laid through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, which is Indian territory under Pakistan's illegal occupation. The project therefore undermines India's sovereignty and territorial integrity.
India has already protested to China over the so-called "CPEC" violating its sovereignty and boycotted the first Belt and Road Forum held in 2017.
The term "China-Pakistan Economic Corridor" itself is incorrect as China and Pakistan do not share a border. It is India and Afghanistan which share a border which has been cut-off by Pakistan's illegal occupation of Gilgit-Baltistan - part of Pakistan-occupied Kashmir - which is entirely a part of Jammu and Kashmir, India's northernmost state.
Indian Ambassador to China Vikram Misri told Chinese state-run Global Times last month that "above all, connectivity initiatives must be pursued in a manner that respects sovereignty, equality and territorial integrity of nations. No country can participate in an initiative that ignores its core concerns on sovereignty and territorial integrity".
Answering a question whether India's reported decision to boycott the BRF would undermine the new momentum generated by last year's informal summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping, Mr Wang said the two leaders had a very successful meeting at Wuhan.
"Particularly they have established mutual trust between the leadership and they jointly planned for the future of improvement and strengthening of China-India relations."
"After the Wuhan summit, we see all areas or progress between the two countries and we have bright prospect for this relationship. We are now preparing for the next summit of our leaders," he said without specifying any time line.
President Xi plans to visit India for the 2nd such summit after the general elections, currently underway, are over.
Mr Wang said China and India were two major countries, besides being neighbours.
"It is natural for us to have differences. This is only natural. I remember Prime Minister Modi mentioning many times that we cannot escalate our differences into disputes. Indian side wants to put our difference at proper level and it would not for it to interfere in the development of our relations," he said.
"I believe this is in the fundamental interest of the people of the two countries and that is what China is happy to see," he said.
"One of our differences is how to look at the BRI. The Indian side has their concerns. We understand that and that is why we have stated clearly on many occasions that the BRI including the CPEC is only an economic initiative and it does not target any third country and has nothing to do with the sovereign and territorial disputes left from history between any two countries," he said.
The BRI is a multi-billion-dollar initiative launched by Chinese President Xi Jinping when he came to power in 2013. It aims to link Southeast Asia, Central Asia, the Gulf region, Africa and Europe with a network of land and sea routes.
"India has its basic position on these disputes. Our cooperation will not undermine any party's position on those issues," Mr Wang said, apparently suggesting that it would not alter even Pakistan's position on Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK).
China for its part has been maintaining that the Kashmir issue is left over from history and it should be resolved between India and Pakistan.
"Now we are trying to achieve common prosperity through the cooperation under the BRI. Those issues left over from history must be separated from our efforts in this area."
"I think such cooperation will not undermine your basic position on sovereignty and territorial integrity and at the same time provide you with more opportunities of development and help India in your modernisation endeavour. I believe this is a good option and good choice for India," Mr Wang said.