An interior ministry spokesman said a "violent explosion" took place near a vegetable market in the town, south of Kirkuk, but did not immediately provide casualty figures.
Military authorities said 17 were killed and 36 injured, according to a statement.
Most of the casualties were civilians, the police and medical sources told Reuters. The death toll was expected to rise because many of the wounded were in critical condition.
The bombing took place in a mainly Shi'ite Turkmen area.
No group has claimed responsibility for the attack.
Suicide bombings are a trademark of ISIS, and Iraqi security officials have said the group was likely to wage an insurgency after its self-proclaimed caliphate collapsed and its terrorists were dislodged from territories they held in the country.