The additional measures followed a review of security at Windsor, the oldest and largest inhabited castle in the world located about 20 miles (32 km) to the west of the British capital, police said.
The new barriers were put in place ahead of the regular "Changing the Guard" ceremony on Wednesday which sees soldiers in scarlet tunics and bearskin hats parade with an army band through the town of Windsor before heading into the castle.
The ceremony is hugely popular with tourists with more than 1.3 million people visiting the castle every year. Police said the new barriers in Windsor would be in addition to usual road closures.
"While there is no intelligence to indicate a specific threat to Windsor, recent events in Westminster clearly highlight the need for extra security measures to be introduced," said Assistant Chief Constable Dave Hardcastle of Thames Valley Police.
"The force believes that it is proportionate and necessary to put in place extra security measures to further protect and support the public and the Guard Change."
Detectives said they believe he was acting alone.
(Reporting by Michael Holden; editing by Stephen Addison)
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