Yameen imposed the emergency on February 5 for 15 days to annul a Supreme Court ruling that quashed convictions against nine opposition leaders and ordered his government to free those held in prison. The state of emergency was to end on Tuesday.
Deputy Parliamentary Secretary General Fathmath Niusha told the legislature Yameen wanted its vote to prolong the emergency.
The opposition responded that this would not be possible without a quorum of at least 43 MPs in the 85-member parliament. No opposition MPs showed up for Monday's session, leaving only 39 present from the ruling party.
In its ruling late last month, the high court also ordered the reinstatement, on constitutional grounds, of 12 lawmakers stripped of their parliamentary seats by Yameen's party for defecting last year. Without the 12 MPs, the government retains a majority in parliament.
Under the emergency, Yameen's administration has arrested the chief justice, another Supreme Court judge and former president Maumoon Abdul Gayoom on allegations of attempting to overthrow the government.
Ruling and opposition party leaders clashed over whether parliament's approval was required under the constitution.
"If the opposition wants to annul this declaration, they have to go to the parliament and ask for a vote," ruling party group leader in parliament Ahmed Nihan said. "The...emergency does not become void because parliament does not approve it."
"If this is not approved (by parliament), it is going to be invalid. Once the emergency becomes void everything done under that state of emergency also will be void and invalid."
Though Yameen has ignored the court rulings, he has stopped short of saying he will not obey them. He has fired two police chiefs who said they would uphold the court verdict, however, and continues to jail opposition members.
China, India, the United States and Britain issued travel warnings after Yameen imposed the emergency and arrested judges. The United Nations has urged Male to lift the emergency.
The tiny Indian Ocean island chain is best known for its luxury hotels, scuba-diving resorts and limpid tropical seas.
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