The Mirage 2000B crashed on the border of the Vaucluse and Alpes-de-Haute-Provence regions in the south of France, the air force press service and a source close to the investigation said.
The cause of the accident was not immediately known.
The incident follows another crash of a Mirage 2000 during a training exercise on May 12 in northeastern France. In that case the pilot also ejected safely.
The Mirage 2000 is a multi-role jet fighter and mainstay of the French air force, which has more than 300 deployed. It first flew in the late 1970s and entered service in 1982.