- Supreme Court collegium will reveal all discussions and recommendations
- Collegium criticized for lack of transparency in judicial appointments
- Collegium is a panel of country's top five judges including Chief Justice
The collegium system of judges appointing judges has been strongly criticized by the government, which has often called for transparency and accountability in judicial transfers and appointments.
Many eminent jurists have also said that how judges are appointed needs reform because the process lacks transparency.
In 2015, parliament cleared a National Judicial Appointments Commission which would include the Law Minister and two eminent persons selected by a separate panel including the Chief Justice, the Prime Minister and the Leader of Opposition.
But the new procedure was cancelled by the Supreme Court, which felt the government would have too great a say in deciding judges and the independence of the judiciary would be eroded.
The Supreme Court's decision in favour of full disclosure follows a controversy over a judge resigning after being passed over for elevation recently. Justice Jayant Patel, who ordered a CBI investigation into the 2004 Ishrat Jehan encounter killing in Gujarat, was not promoted to Karnataka Chief Justice despite being senior most in the state. Instead, he was asked to shift to the Allahabad High Court, where he would drop to third in seniority.