Karnataka's new Act for cow protection is much tougher than the existing 1964 Act. The ban on slaughter has been extended beyond cows and calves .. to include bull, bullocks, male and female buffalos below 13 years old. Punishment for a first-time conviction ranges from a prison term of 3-7 years and fines between Rs 50,000 and Rs 5 lakh. Subsequent convictions could invite fines of up to Rs 10 lakh and a jail term of up to seven years. On Reality Check, we ask: what's behind Karnataka's beef ban law?