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Prime Minister Narendra Modi became the first to take a Covid vaccine shot today as nationwide vaccination of persons above 60 and those over 45 with illnesses began.

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Health Tips

Here are some common questions answered on what individuals can do to stay safe:

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FAQs

  • Should I Wear A Mask To Protect Myself?

    Wear a mask at all times, and especially if you are ill with COVID-19 symptoms or looking after someone who may have COVID-19. Disposable face mask can only be used once. Earlier, there was a worldwide shortage of masks and the WHO had suggested people to use mask wisely and not waste them, but now the situation has changed. WHO still advises rational use of medical masks to avoid unnecessary wastage of precious resources and misuse of masks. The most effective ways to protect yourself and others against COVID-19 are to frequently clean your hands, cover your cough with the bend of elbow or tissue and maintain a distance of at least 1 meter (3 feet) from people who are coughing or sneezing.

  • Is There A Vaccine, Drug Or Treatment For COVID-19?

    Several vaccines have been cleared for use across the world. Some are being deployed while they are still in a trial stage, since the longer the pandemic remains the higher could be the casualties. Most vaccines are two-dose ones. However, inoculation is being done in phases and frontline health workers are the first to get. So those affected and who are yet to be vaccinated should continue to receive care to relieve symptoms. People with serious illness should be hospitalised. Most patients recover, thanks to supportive care. The WHO has been coordinating efforts to develop vaccines and medicines to prevent and treat COVID-19 and the efforts have shown results. The most effective ways to protect yourself and others against COVID-19 are to frequently clean your hands, cover your cough with the bend of elbow or tissue, and maintain a distance of at least 1 metre (3 feet) from people who are coughing or sneezing.

  • What Is A Coronavirus?

    Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans. In humans, several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The most recently discovered coronavirus causes coronavirus disease COVID-19.

  • What Is COVID-19?

    COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered coronavirus. This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.

  • What Are The Symptoms Of COVID-19?

    The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some people become infected but don’t develop any symptoms and don't feel unwell. Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment. Around 1 out of every 6 people who gets COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness. People with fever, cough and difficulty breathing should seek medical attention.

  • How Does COVID-19 Spread?

    People can catch COVID-19 from others who have the virus. The disease can spread from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth which are spread when a person with COVID-19 coughs or exhales. These droplets land on objects and surfaces around the person. Other people then catch COVID-19 by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth. People can also catch COVID-19 if they breathe in droplets from a person with COVID-19 who coughs out or exhales droplets. This is why it is important to stay more than 1 meter (3 feet) away from a person who is sick. WHO is assessing ongoing research on the ways COVID-19 is spread and will continue to share updated findings.

  • Can CoVID-19 be caught from a person who has no symptoms?

    The main way the disease spreads is through respiratory droplets expelled by someone who is coughing. The risk of catching COVID-19 from someone with no symptoms at all is very low. However, many people with COVID-19 experience only mild symptoms. This is particularly true at the early stages of the disease. It is therefore possible to catch COVID-19 from someone who has, for example, just a mild cough and does not feel ill. WHO is assessing ongoing research on the period of transmission of COVID-19 and will continue to share updated findings.

  • What should I do if I have COVID-19 symptoms and when should I seek medical care?

    If you have minor symptoms, such as a slight cough or a mild fever, there is generally no need to seek medical care. Stay at home, self-isolate and monitor your symptoms. Follow national guidance on self-isolation.

    However, if you live in an area with malaria or dengue fever it is important that you do not ignore symptoms of fever. Seek medical help. When you attend the health facility wear a mask if possible, keep at least 1 metre distance from other people and do not touch surfaces with your hands. If it is a child who is sick help the child stick to this advice.

    Seek immediate medical care if you have difficulty breathing or pain/pressure in the chest. If possible, call your health care provider in advance, so he/she can direct you to the right health facility.

  • How can we protect others and ourselves if we don't know who is infected?

    Practicing hand and respiratory hygiene is important at ALL times and is the best way to protect others and yourself. When possible maintain at least a 1 meter distance between yourself and others. This is especially important if you are standing by someone who is coughing or sneezing. Since some infected persons may not yet be exhibiting symptoms or their symptoms may be mild, maintaining a physical distance with everyone is a good idea if you are in an area where COVID-19 is circulating.

  • What should I do if I have come in close contact with someone who has COVID-19?

    If you have been in close contact with someone with COVID-19, you may be infected.

    Close contact means that you live with or have been in settings of less than 1 metre from those who have the disease. In these cases, it is best to stay at home.

    However, if you live in an area with malaria or dengue fever it is important that you do not ignore symptoms of fever. Seek medical help. When you attend the health facility wear a mask if possible, keep at least 1 metre distant from other people and do not touch surfaces with your hands. If it is a child who is sick help the child stick to this advice.

    If you do not live in an area with malaria or dengue fever please do the following:

    * If you become ill, even with very mild symptoms you must self-isolate.

    * Even if you don’t think you have been exposed to COVID-19 but develop symptoms, then self-isolate and monitor yourself

    * You are more likely to infect others in the early stages of the disease when you just have mild symptoms, therefore early self-isolation is very important.

    * If you do not have symptoms, but have been exposed to an infected person, self-quarantine for 14 days.

    If you have definitely had COVID-19 (confirmed by a test) self-isolate for 14 days even after symptoms have disappeared as a precautionary measure – it is not yet known exactly how long people remain infectious after they have recovered. Follow national advice on self-isolation.

  • What does it mean to self-isolate?

    Self-isolation is an important measure taken by those who have COVID-19 symptoms to avoid infecting others in the community, including family members.

    Self-isolation is when a person who is experiencing fever, cough or other COVID-19 symptoms stays at home and does not go to work, school or public places. This can be voluntarily or based on his/her health care provider’s recommendation. However, if you live in an area with malaria or dengue fever it is important that you do not ignore symptoms of fever. Seek medical help. When you attend the health facility wear a mask if possible, keep at least 1 metre distant from other people and do not touch surfaces with your hands. If it is a child who is sick help the child stick to this advice.

    If you do not live in an area with malaria or dengue fever please do the following:

    If a person is in self-isolation, it is because he/she is ill but not severely ill (requiring medical attention)

    1. Have a large, well-ventilated with hand-hygiene and toilet facilities
    2. If this is not possible, place beds at least 1 metre apart
    3. Keep at least 1 metre from others, even from your family members
    4. Monitor your symptoms daily Isolate for 14 days, even if you feel healthy
    5. If you develop difficulty breathing, contact your healthcare provider immediately call them first if possible
    6. Stay positive and energized by keeping in touch with loved ones by phone or online, and by exercising yourself at home

  • What should I do if I have no symptoms, but I think I have been exposed to COVID-19? What does it mean to self-quarantine?

    To self-quarantine means to separate yourself from others because you have been exposed to someone with COVID-19 even though you, yourself, do not have symptoms. During self-quarantine you monitor yourself for symptoms. The goal of the self-quarantine is to prevent transmission. Since people who become ill with COVID-19 can infect people immediately self-quarantine can prevent some infections from happening.

    In this case:

    - Have a large, well-ventilated single room with hand hygiene and toilet facilities
    - If this is not available place beds at least 1 metre apart
    - Keep at least 1-metre distance from others, even from your family members
    - Monitor your symptoms daily
    - Self-quarantine for 14 days, even if you feel healthy
    - If you develop difficulty breathing, contact your healthcare provider immediately – call them first if possible
    - Stay positive and energized by keeping in touch with loved ones by phone or online, and by exercising yourself at home

    However, if you live in an area with malaria or dengue fever it is important that you do not ignore symptoms of fever. Seek medical help. When you attend the health facility wear a mask if possible, keep at least 1 metre distant from other people and do not touch surfaces with your hands. If it is a child who is sick help the child stick to this advice.

  • What is the difference between self-isolation, self-quarantine and distancing?

    Quarantine means restricting activities or separating people who are not ill themselves but may have been exposed to COVID-19. The goal is to prevent spread of the disease at the time when people just develop symptoms.

    Isolation means separating people who are ill with symptoms of COVID-19 and may be infectious to prevent the spread of the disease.

    Physical distancing means being physically apart. WHO recommends keeping at least 1-metre distance from others. This is a general measure that everyone should take even if they are well with no known exposure to COVID-19.

  • Is there a vaccine, drug or treatment for COVID-19?

    While some western, traditional or home remedies may provide comfort and alleviate symptoms of mild COVID-19, there are no medicines that have been shown to prevent or cure the disease. WHO does not recommend self-medication with any medicines, including antibiotics, as a prevention or cure for COVID-19. However, there are several ongoing clinical trials of both western and traditional medicines. WHO is coordinating efforts to develop vaccines and medicines to prevent and treat COVID-19 and will continue to provide updated information as soon research results become available.

    The most effective ways to protect yourself and others against COVID-19 are to:

    - Clean your hands frequently and thoroughly
    - Avoid touching your eyes, mouth and nose
    - Cover your cough with the bend of elbow or tissue. If a tissue is used, discard it immediately and wash your hands
    - Maintain a distance of at least 1 metre from others

  • Can children or adolescents catch COVID-19?

    Research indicates that children and adolescents are just as likely to become infected as any other age group and can spread the disease. Evidence to date suggests that children and young adults are less likely to get severe disease, but severe cases can still happen in these age groups. Children and adults should follow the same guidance on self-quarantine and self-isolation if there is a risk they have been exposed or are showing symptoms. It is particularly important that children avoid contact with older people and others who are at risk of more severe disease.

Myth-Busters

Can shoes spread the COVID-19 virus?
The likelihood of COVID-19 being spread on shoes and infecting individuals is very low. As a precautionary measure, particularly in homes where infants and small children crawl or play on floors, consider leaving your shoes at the entrance of your home. This will help prevent contact with dirt or any waste that could be carried on the soles of shoes.
5G mobile networks do not spread COVID-19
Exposing yourself to the sun or to temperatures higher than 25°C degrees does not prevent the coronavirus disease (COVID-19)
You can recover from the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Catching the new coronavirus does not mean you will have it for life
Being able to hold your breath for 10 seconds or more without coughing or feeling discomfort does not mean you are free from the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) or any other lung disease
Drinking alcohol does not protect you against COVID-19 and can be dangerous
Cold weather and snow cannot kill the new coronavirus
Taking a hot bath does not prevent the new coronavirus disease
The new coronavirus cannot be transmitted through mosquito bites
Are hand dryers effective in killing the new coronavirus?
Can an ultraviolet disinfection lamp kill the new coronavirus?
Thermal scanners CANNOT detect COVID-19
Can spraying alcohol or chlorine all over your body kill the new coronavirus?
Do vaccines against pneumonia protect you against the new coronavirus?
Can regularly rinsing your nose with saline help prevent infection with the new coronavirus?
Can eating garlic help prevent infection with the new coronavirus?
Does the new coronavirus affect older people, or are younger people also susceptible?
Are antibiotics effective in preventing and treating the new coronavirus?
Are there any specific medicines to prevent or treat the new coronavirus?
Drinking methanol, ethanol or bleach DOES NOT prevent or cure COVID-19 and can be extremely dangerous
Spraying and introducing bleach or another disinfectant into your body WILL NOT protect you against COVID-19 and can be dangerous
COVID-19 IS NOT transmitted through houseflies
Adding pepper to your soup or other meals DOES NOT prevent or cure COVID-19
There are currently no drugs licensed for the treatment or prevention of COVID-19
Most people who get COVID-19 recover from it
The prolonged use of medical masks* when properly worn, DOES NOT cause CO2 intoxication nor oxygen deficiency
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Coronavirus, an infectious disease which can easily transfer from one person to another, has been spreading unabated across nations. The deadly disease belongs to a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. Due to coronavirus or COVID-19 that had originated late last year in a food market in the Chinese city of Wuhan, worldwide, thousands of people have died and lakhs have got infected. The World Health Organization has already declared coronavirus as “Global Pandemic” as it has affected millions of people around the globe.

In India, the total number of confirmed coronavirus cases and casualties are increasing with each passing day. Amid the coronavirus scare in India, various states have announced a lockdown. The government has also ordered states to "strictly enforce lockdown" and asked for legal action against those who violated the restriction.

According to health experts, India's cases have been growing at a rate seen during the early stages of the outbreak in other countries, which subsequently reported an exponential increase in infections. As per the Indian Council of Medical Research, currently, India is in stage two of transmission, where the virus infects people directly in contact with affected patients who returned from abroad.