Anil Ambani Needs $2 Billion In Asset Sales To Save Last Stronghold

Reliance Capital Ltd. had largely remained insulated from the distress plaguing the wider conglomerate.

Anil Ambani Needs $2 Billion In Asset Sales To Save Last Stronghold

Anil Ambani's financial services business, Reliance Capital has almost doubled its profit in five years

The last stronghold in embattled tycoon Anil Ambani's phone carrier-to-power empire is also developing fault lines.

Reliance Capital Ltd., his financial services business that almost doubled its profit in five years, had largely remained insulated from the distress plaguing the wider conglomerate. Now, the company that controls India's fifth-biggest mutual fund, is racing to close a planned $2 billion of asset sales to bolster its finances after cash dwindled to Rs 11 crore ($1.6 million) as of March, according to CARE Ratings.

With $252 million of debt falling due over May and June, a unit of Moody's Investors Service and two other local firms have slashed ratings of Reliance Capital or its short-term instruments, citing holdups in asset sales, deteriorating liquidity and risks on loans to unprofitable affiliates. The downgrades came against the backdrop of soaring finance costs for an industry shaken by last year's meltdown at one of the nation's biggest shadow lenders that's unrelated to Reliance Capital.

Asset disposals are key to averting a crisis at Reliance Capital, said Mathew Antony, a managing partner at Mumbai-based Aditya Consulting, a credit advisory firm. "Unless some strategic infusion of long-term equity comes into the company, the day when Reliance Capital falls into a liquidity crisis isn't too far," he said.

Upcoming Repayments

A Reliance Capital spokesman declined to comment on upcoming repayments or the steps being taken to improve liquidity.

The company told exchanges on April 27 that it only has short-term debt of Rs 950 crore, which will get fully repaid by end-September using proceeds from the sale of its stake in the asset management business. The 43 percent stake was valued at Rs 5,300 crore, it said.

Despite Rs 14,000 crore of planned divestment, almost all the transactions are behind schedule, CARE Ratings said in an April 18 statement while slashing Reliance Capital's long-term rating to A from A+ and putting it on a "credit watch.''

Delayed Deals

AssetExpected Proceeds (in billion rupees)Sale Timeline
Radio business17Announced in November 2016, delayed and
expected by June 2019
Reliance General Insurance's IPO30Rescheduled from December 2018 to June 2019
Reliance Nippon Life Asset Management70Selling 42.9 percent stake, was planned for
May 2019 but likely by June
Prime Focus stakeundisclosedExpected by May 2019 instead of April
Mahindra First ChoiceundisclosedExpected by June 2019 instead of April
Media propertiesundisclosedNo indication

Source: CARE Ratings

Brickwork Ratings pared it to A+ from AA last month while ICRA, Moody's local unit, had downgraded the short-term ratings in March, saying the "timeliness of receipt of funds" from divestment "remains critical." More cuts have followed for other group companies as well.

The conglomerate has struggled to sell assets in other firms. While Ambani managed to dispose of the Mumbai power distribution and road assets, many others, especially in telecommunications were scuttled due to regulatory hurdles or legal delays.

The strain at Reliance Capital heightens the challenges facing Ambani, 59, who's seen his indebted telecom operator Reliance Communications Ltd. collapse into insolvency. His ventures in power, defense and infrastructure too have battled piling debt, bankruptcy cases and regulatory snags.

Anil Ambani carved out these newer businesses for himself from Reliance Industries Ltd. as part of a 2005 settlement with his older brother, Mukesh Ambani, following the death of their father Dhirubhai Ambani three years earlier.

Bailout by Sibling

The younger tycoon's woes came to the fore in March when Mukesh stepped just in time to settle an overdue payment and save Anil the embarrassment of a stint in jail. The value of Anil's holdings in companies has plunged to about $120 million from a net worth of at least $31 billion in 2008, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.

ICRA has also red-flagged Reliance Capital's "substantial exposure toward" group companies which can curb its ability to raise and repay its near-term debt obligations.

Pain Points

  • Reliance Capital has invested and lent a total Rs 13,748 crore to other Anil Ambani group companies, including loss-making ones in telecom, media and entertainment
  • Consolidated net worth tumbled to Rs 8,140 crore by Dec. 31, less than half the level at the end of March 2018
  • The financier had achieved only about a third of the total deals that were originally scheduled to wrap up by September 2018
  • Three-quarters of controlling shareholder's stake is pledged

Source: ICRA, CARE

Reliance Mutual Fund wrote down about $233 million of investments in Reliance Home Finance Ltd. and Reliance Commercial Finance Ltd. last month, although it said investors' interests will be protected.

Shares of Reliance Capital have plummeted 40 percent this year, triggered partly by adverse news flow around Ambani's companies and partly the shock default of shadow financier Infrastructure Leasing and Financial Services Ltd., which squeezed funding for all non-bank lenders.

Reliance Communications is headed for bankruptcy proceedings after it failed to close the sale of its telecom assets and repay lenders. Reliance Naval and Engineering Ltd. has proven hard to turn around while Reliance Power Ltd. has been fighting for higher tariffs to make up for increased costs.

"When all group companies are constrained by liquidity problems, the strongest company will get impacted as a natural fallout," said Hemindra Hazari, an independent analyst who writes for the Smartkarma platform. Reliance Capital is one of the four Anil Ambani group companies conglomerate that are among the worst performers on the S&P BSE500 index this year.

Profit Doubles

Reliance Capital, however, has seen its revenue and profits rise over the past few years. Net income nearly doubled to Rs 1,310 crore in the 12 months through March 2018 from five years ago, while net revenue tripled to Rs 15,870 crore.

Also despite the recent downgrades, it's still several notches above the junk category. Quoting the methodology of CARE and Brickworks, the company said that its current rating implies "adequate degree of safety regarding timely servicing of financial obligations."

But asset sales "in a time bound manner" are key for Reliance Capital to tide over its difficulties, according to Kranthi Bathini, an analyst at WealthMills Securities. "Though these assets are good, they may not manage to get the kind of valuations that they have been looking for," said Bathini. "The bidders know the company is in dire straits."


  • Reliance Capital is racing to close a planned $2 billion of asset sales
  • The financial services company controls India's fifth-biggest mutual fund
  • The value of Anil Ambani's holdings has plunged to about $120 million
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