Here are 10 things to know about this big story:
Of the 2.1 crore jobs added in May, 1.44 crore constituted small traders and wage labourers who account for a third of the total employed population. As the economy has been opening up gradually in parts of the country, this predominantly self-employed class is returning to their businesses.
"A number of people who had left the active labour markets in April returned back in May. People who had left the labour market in April because of large-scale job losses had parked themselves in the passive unemployed category," Mahesh Vyas, managing director and CEO of the Mumbai-based think-tank said. "In May, many of these were back, actively looking for jobs," he added.
The addition of 2.1 crore marked growth of 7.5 per cent over April, whereas the jobs of small traders and wage labourers jumped 39 per cent, the CMIE said. Last month, the think-tank had reported 12.2 crore workers lost jobs in April alone.
The country's unemployment rate stood at 23.5 per cent in May 2020, which is the same rate recorded in the previous month. However, the labour participation rate - total number of people currently employed or in search of a job - improved from 35.6 per cent to 38.2 per cent, and the employment rate improved from 27.2 per cent to 29.2 per cent, according to the CMIE.
"While the main labour market metrics indicate an improvement in May compared to April, the labour market conditions still remain much weaker than they were before the lockdown," Mr Vyas said.
The head of CMIE, however, expressed concern over the continued loss of good quality jobs. "Salaried jobs are relatively difficult to get. And, salaried jobs lost during a lockdown are far more difficult to recover. These are also the better jobs," he added.
Meanwhile, many economist groups have lowered their growth projections for the current financial year due to the damage caused by the COVID-19 outbreak, with some even warning of the worst recession in years.
Economic growth had, however, slumped, to an 11-year low even before the full onset of coronavirus, and economists say the real impact of the pandemic on the ailing economy will be visible in the June quarter.
Last week, official data showed the country's gross domestic product (GDP) expanded 3.1 per cent in January-March, reflecting only the partial impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on the manufacturing and services sectors. With that, the annual expansion in the GDP stood at 4.2 per cent in fiscal year 2019-20 - the lowest pace of growth in 11 years.
On Monday, Moody's downgraded India's credit rating to a notch above junk, citing a prolonged period of slow growth in Asia's third-largest economy, rising debt and persistent stress in parts of the financial system. It slashed the rating to "Baa3" from "Baa2", maintaining a negative outlook for the new sovereign rating.