Back in July 2021, we wrote to you about top 4 companies that are strong monopolies.
The article pointed out IRCTC, IEX, CAMS, and CDSL.
This time, we're back again with another set of companies. Let's take a look at India's top 5 monopolies you should watch out.
These 5 companies dominate their sectors with a huge piece of the pie.
#1 Power Grid
Power Grid was formed in 1992 and is one of the largest public-sector undertakings (PSUs). From humble beginnings, it has grown at an extraordinary pace to quench India's power thirst.
The company operates under the Ministry of Power and acts as a connecting factor between power-generating companies, like NTPC, and power-trading companies by carrying electricity through its nationwide grid network.
Power Grid is India's largest power transmission company with a market share of over 36%. When it comes to getting renewable energy to the home of every Indian, it has a pivotal role to play in the coming decades.
It owns and operates the inter-state transmission network. Thanks to its efficiency, the company consistently maintains the availability of its transmission system at over 99%. This is at par with international utilities.
As creating a nationwide grid requires significant capital, which can only be provided by the government, it makes Power Grid a strong monopoly player.
What's more is that Power Grid enjoys massive tailwinds from the growth in renewable energy capacity, EV charging network, and 5G telecom.
On top of this, it is a dividend rich stock. The dividend yield at the current price is well over 5%.
Over the last one year, shares of the company have gained 44% as compared to 29% gains of BSE Sensex.
Nestle India has a 96.5% market share in infant cereals (Cerelac) and 66.6% market share in infant formula (lactogen NAN).
Cerelac is an instant cereal for infants above the age of 5 months as a supplement to breast milk.
So what makes Nestle a strong monopoly player?
Infant food in India is a prescription drug which means it cannot be advertised in the country. The world health organisation (WHO) prescribes mother's breast milk to be the best source of nutrition. Thus the government would be skeptical to grant fresh licenses for manufacturing infant food in India.
Hence, Nestle has a check mark against barriers to entry in the infant food market.
Nestle is also a market leader for other products including Maggi Noodles, Milkmaid, Nescafe, among others.
The company has zero debt on its balance sheet, paid dividends consistently, and is a consistent wealth creator.
Have a look at the chart below to see Nestle India's 10-year stock performance:
#3 Hindustan Aeronautics
Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL) is the largest defence PSU and holds 100% dominance in aerospace and defence manufacturing.
The company is a dominant supplier of aircrafts, helicopters, engines, avionics and accessories as well as main provider of maintenance, repair and overhaul services to the Indian defence forces.
It faces limited competition from the private sector due to the high capital intensity and long gestation periods for developing manufacturing capabilities in the sector.
The government's increased focus on indigenisation with the ‘Make in India' and ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat' policies have improved company's future growth outlook.
Also, after years of research and development (R&D), the company won a big order in February 2021 which reversed its declining order book. At present, HAL has a robust order book of around Rs 80,640 crore.
Most recently, HAL signed a $716 million deal with GE Aviation for supply of engines.
It was also reported today that the state-run company will manufacture four light utility helicopters (LUHs) under limited series production by 2022-23.
Over the past one year, shares of the company have gained 56%.
#4 Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX)
Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX) is the largest commodity futures exchange in India with a market share over 95%.
It has a near monopoly position in bullion metals, base metals, and crude oil trading in India.
MCX facilitates the online trading of commodity derivative transactions. Through an MCX trading account, one can trade in a wide range of commodities.
The company has consistently remained India's leading exchange in commodity derivatives and enjoys a strong brand equity since it provides a reliable trading platform for commodity derivatives through transparent price discovery.
For the quarter ended September 2021, MCX reported weak bottomline and topline due to the impact of weak volumes in the light of the return of the pandemic as well as the commodity volumes getting adversely impacted by the restrictions on economic activity.
Surprisingly, shares of MCX are currently trading where they were trading a year ago.
In the previous quarter ended June 2021, Rakesh Jhunjhunwala held 2,500,000 shares, or 4.90% stake in MCX. He offloaded his entire stake in the September 2021 quarter.
Meanwhile, mutual funds increased their stake by a substantial 3.8%.
#5 Zydus Wellness
Zydus Wellness has over 90% market share in sugar free products. Its product ‘Sugar Free' has a strong presence in India with a 94% market share of the sugar substitute category.
The company has various other brands as well like Complan, EverYuth, Nycil, Glucon-D, Sugarlite, and Nutralite.
In May this year, the company had said five of its brands, Glucon-D, Sugar Free, EverYuth Scrub, Peel Off, Face Mask, and Nycil maintained leadership positions in their respective categories as of March 2021.
What makes Zydus a strong monopoly player? Well it has access to solid research facility owned by Cadila Healthcare, its parent pharma company which owns 57.6% stake in Zydus. With the help of Cadila, Zydus conducts research on the product and ensure that all products are thoroughly tested and have no side-effect for the consumers.
If we are to go by estimates, the artificial sweeteners market in India is worth Rs 150 crore and is expected to grow in double digits. The segment is fueled by the rising prevalence of diabetes, obesity, and cardiac diseases due to the high consumption of sugar-based products.
In the wake of Covid-19, Zydus' ‘Sugar Free' product witnessed double-digit growth as consumers opted for a healthier lifestyle. The company is now planning to push the product further and is ramping up distribution as well and launching marketing campaigns.
For the quarter ended September 2021, Zydus Wellness posted weak numbers. It reported a standalone net loss of Rs 2 crore as compared to a net loss of Rs 21.8 crore in the same quarter last year.
Revenues, on the other hand grew by 12.3% to Rs 383.7 crore.
Like MCX, shares of Zydus Wellness too have traded rangebound throughout the year.
Investing in monopolies
While much has been said about investing in monopoly businesses, you must investigate if the company can remain profitable for the future.
For example, in our previous article on monopoly stocks, we had listed IRCTC, CAMS, IEX and CDSL, companies with good financials.
However, unlike the previous set of companies, the financials of few of the companies listed in this article are questionable.
Also, without the absence of government support, monopolies are difficult to establish and maintain.
Legendary investor Warren Buffett has always discussed the idea of investing in companies with moats.
A moat in general is a deep, wide ditch surrounding a castle, fort, or town, typically filled with water and intended as a defence against attack.
In investing, it refers to a business's ability to maintain its competitive advantage over its peers to protect market share and ensure sustained profits.
The wider the moat, the stronger the business. If the moat is weak, ultimately, competition will spoil the game, erode returns, and take away market share and profits overtime.
Hence, a smart way to invest is to pick companies with strong moats.
Of course, one must also examine the company's valuations as well as its intrinsic value and margin of safety.
(This article is syndicated from Equitymaster.com.)
(This story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)