Quoting the American energy information administration projections, the report said the demand for petroleum products in the Asia Pacific will rise a modest 2 per cent or 0.7 million barrels per day in to 34.6 million bpd in 2018.
"Given the oil sector's reliance on China and increasingly India, we believe demand would face considerable risks if economic growth weakens materially below our expectations. However, India will surpass China as the fastest growing product market in Asia with petroleum consumption growing 6 per cent in 2018," Moody's said in a report on Tuesday.
It also says China and India growth will ensure that Asian refining margins will remain firm, thereby supporting the earnings growth. Since October 2014m Moody's has been having stable outlook for the sector.
On China, the report says that "as Chinese economic activity dials back, we expect its refined product demand growth will moderate to 2.5-3 per cent in 2017-18 which is nearly half of higher CAGR of 5 per cent in 2012-16. Still in absolute terms, China will still account for 48 per cent of Asian R&M demand growth in 2018."
"Specifically, we expect the average Asian refining margins to be largely in line with the average of $6.2 a barrel for the last three years, but better than $5.1 per barrel in 2016," says the report.
"The recent forced closure of about a quarter of US refining capacity has created an under supply situation, causing fuel prices, including gasoline, diesel and jet fuel, to surge. Nonetheless, we expect the recent spike in crack spreads and refining margins to temper and normalise as the supply crunch eases gradually," the report adds.
Noting that supply and demand will vary by country, as a whole Asia's incremental growth in demand for fuel of around 0.7 million bpd will outpace net refining capacity additions of 0.4-0.5 million bpd over the next 12-18 months.
"At the same time, the bulk of the incremental growth in refining capacity will come from China and Vietnam. Still, with demand growth surpassing capacity additions over the last five years, Asia is likely to remain a net importer of refined petroleum products over at least the next three years," concludes the report.