The S&P 500 rose 1.2 per cent, its biggest daily percentage gain since Dec. 18, retracing some of its 4.2 per cent loss over the previous five sessions tied to concerns about plunging oil prices and global economic weakness.
According to minutes of the Fed's December meeting, the central bank pressed ahead with plans to begin raising interest rates later this year, although Fed officials said they could be "patient" in deciding when to begin the process.
"The US continues to be the strongest region in the globe right now, and I think markets are comforted that rates aren't going to be going up anytime soon," said Bob Landry, portfolio manager at USAA Investment Management Co in San Antonio, Texas.
Stocks began the day in positive territory after data showed US private employers added more jobs last month than expected. The news came ahead of Friday's more widely watched US non-farm payrolls report for December.
Oil prices also bounced back, snapping a four-day losing streak. Exxon Mobil Corp shares rose 1 per cent to $90.72.
Adding to the upbeat tone, some investors are betting the first negative inflation in the euro zone since 2009 will trigger a long-awaited move by the European Central Bank to begin printing money.
The Dow Jones Industrial average rose 212.88 points, or 1.23 per cent, to 17,584.52, the S&P 500 gained 23.29 points, or 1.16 per cent, to 2,025.9 and the Nasdaq Composite added 57.73 points, or 1.26 per cent, to 4,650.47.
Retailer shares jumped. J.C. Penney shares surged 20.3 per cent to $7.89, a day after the department store operator said same-store sales rose 3.7 per cent in November and December.
December same-store sales figures are due this week from more than 60 companies. The S&P retail index gained 2.1 per cent.
Shares of Dick's Sporting Goods Inc jumped 11.7 per cent to $55.01. People familiar with the matter said the company is holding early-stage conversations with a handful of buyout firms about going private.
Housing shares were also among the day's biggest gainers, up 2.3 per cent. Bloomberg reported US President Barack Obama was set to announce a reduction of Federal Housing Administration mortgage insurance premiums. D.R. Horton shares rose 5.1 per cent to $25.35.
Biotech shares also bounced back, with the Nasdaq Biotech Index jumping 3.6 per cent after falling 1.7 per cent in the previous session.
About 7.1 billion shares changed hands on US exchanges, above the 6.2 billion average for the last five sessions, according to BATS Global Markets.
NYSE advancers outnumbered decliners 2,355 to 737, for a 3.20-to-1 ratio; on the Nasdaq, 1,858 issues rose and 876 fell, for a 2.12-to-1 ratio.
The S&P 500 posted 29 new 52-week highs and 12 new lows. The Nasdaq Composite recorded 50 new highs and 65 new lows.
Copyright: Thomson Reuters 2015