Mr Bezos owns around 17 per cent of the equity of Amazon, which has been expanding from its original mission as an online retailer to a diversified tech firm in cloud computing, online video, computer hardware and artificial intelligence.
The company also recently announced plans to acquire US grocer Whole Foods, which could help Amazon expand in that sector.
Amazon shares were up 1.7 per cent at $1,070.72 and have risen some 24 per cent over the past four months, adding some $17 billion to the net worth of the 53-year-old Mr Bezos.
According to Forbes, Mr Gates has been the richest person in the magazine's annual rankings in March for the past four years and for 18 of the past 22 years. Mexican telecom magnate Carlos Slim overtook Mr Gates from 2010 to 2013.
Among the billionaires gaining ground is Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg, who has an estimated worth of some $71.3 billion according to the real-time Forbes estimate.
While most of Mr Bezos's wealth is in Amazon, he also owns the private space firm Blue Origin and the Washington Post newspaper.
Forbes pointed out that Mr Gates could have been considerably wealthier, having given away more than $30 billion to philanthropic causes over the years.
Mr Bezos has given an estimated $100 million, but recently asked users on Twitter for ideas for charitable donations which could have an impact on the world.
The billionaire notably opposed Donald Trump during the 2016 presidential campaign, but after the election appeared to give the new president a boost by announcing Amazon would add 1,00,000 new US jobs over 18 months.
Mr Trump however has not spared Mr Bezos's ventures from criticism, apparently renewing claims that he purchased the newspaper to divert attention from regulators away from Amazon.
"So many stories about me in the @washingtonpost are Fake News," Mr Trump tweeted this week.
"Is Fake News Washington Post being used as a lobbyist weapon against Congress to keep Politicians from looking into Amazon no-tax monopoly?"
Mr Bezos appeared intent on spending more time in the US capital, purchasing what is likely the city's largest private residence for $23 million.
Under Mr Bezos's ownership, the Washington Post reported it was profitable in 2016, after making a series of investments in new technology and personnel.
With Amazon, Mr Bezos is known for taking a long view. The company lost money for many years and still delivers thinner profits than many of its peers, plowing money into new investments.