He praised the creation of the new digital ecosystem IndiaStack. IndiaStack is a set of APIs (application programming interface) that allows governments, businesses, start-ups and developers to utilise a unique digital Infrastructure to solve India's hard problems towards presence-less, paperless, and cashless service delivery.
"China strategically used the global supply chain and their own domestic market to amplify their comparative advantage and bootstrap their economic growth," the India-born CEO noted.
"The combination of industrial policy, public sector investment, and entrepreneurial energy is what many other countries will also look to replicate from China's success. I see the beginnings of this in India with the creation of the new digital ecosystem known as IndiaStack," Mr Nadella said.
"India is leapfrogging from once being an infrastructure-poor country to now leading in digital technology. IndiaStack ushers in a presence-less, cashless, paperless economy for all its citizens," said the Indian American CEO from Microsoft.
In his book, Mr Nadella wrote that on a trip to Bengaluru, he engaged in a conversation with Nandan Nilekani about IndiaStack and its future roadmap.
"Nandan is the legendary founder of Infosys, who went on to create a new start-up working with the Indian Government-Aadhaar-the identity system that is at the centre of IndiaStack," he said.
Mr Nadella has also mentioned Enlightiks, a start-up that was acquired by Practo, a leading e-health company in India.
"I met the founder of Enlightiks on the same trip to Bengaluru. They are using the latest cloud technology and AI from Microsoft to create a state-of-the-art health care diagnostics service that can, for example, detect an Atrial fibrillation event before it happens because of the rich data going from the personal device of the patient directly to the cloud," he said.
"In turn, this cloud service can be made available to hospitals in Smaller towns or rural areas in India. Enlightiks also has plans to take advantage of IndiaStack to authenticate the user, accept payment, create portal medical records, and much more. This Indian innovation is now looking to expand in the US, Africa and everywhere else," he wrote. According to Mr Nadella, this dynamic is not unique to China or India.
"I saw this across Chile, Indonesia, and Poland, and also in France, Germany, and Japan. Reflecting on my earlier visit to Egypt, it's clear they are investing in human capital," he said.