Mr Khosrowshahi met PM Modi at the Economic Times Global Business Summit on Friday, it said.
"What the PM of India is doing in terms of pushing the country forward with a global view, pushing progressive reforms forward... it is remarkable," the statement quoted the CEO as saying.
According to the statement, Mr Khosrowshahi emphasised the importance of India to Uber's ride-sharing and food delivery businesses, as well as a source for tech talent.
He further added that hiring local engineers to build products for India that can then be exported to other fast-growing markets is a key focus in 2018 and beyond.
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