Inside Story Of India's Tejas Fighter's First Aircraft Carrier Landing

The Naval prototype of the Tejas fighter jet is the first India-made jet to land on an aircraft carrier.

The Naval prototype of the Tejas landed on the INS Vikramaditya on Saturday.

New Delhi:

"You can call it an anti-climax," said one of the key members of the team behind the first successful landing of a Tejas fighter jet onto the deck of the Navy's aircraft carrier, INS Vikramaditya.

This was the first landing of a made-in-India fighter jet onto the moving and pitching deck of an aircraft carrier and a validation of several key technologies which have been designed and developed in India over the last 20 years.

"The preparation activity was very thorough," said the key team member to NDTV as a result of a process of extensive tests on the aircraft before the attempt to land was successfully made at 10:02 am this morning.

The single-seat fighter which landed today made its approach to the deck of the carrier at a speed of 128 knots (237 kilometres per hour) relative to the speed of aircraft carrier.

After lowering the arrestor hook mounted onto the rear of the fighter's fuselage, the prototype of the Tejas (Naval) snagged the third arrestor wire spread across the deck of the INS Vikramaditya. This enabled the fighter to come to a complete halt in about two seconds, safely within the length of the runway. The goal had been to snag the second of the three wires on the ship.

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The Naval prototype of the Tejas jet made its approach at a speed of 128 knots.

The team working on the Naval prototype of the Tejas will now land the second prototype, a twin-seat variant, on the Vikramaditya tomorrow and carry out the first takeoffs as well. This will involve the fighters applying full power to their engines before accelerating across the deck of the fighter and leaping into the air off a "ski jump" mounted on the bow of the ship.

Over the next 10 days, the team working on the Naval prototypes of the fighter which has already entered squadron service with the Indian Air Force plan to conduct more than 20 landing and takeoffs from INS Vikramaditya.

"The learning curve has been massive. We knew so little in September compared with what we now know," said one of the team members who participated in today's trials.

The Naval variant of the Tejas is a modified and heavier variant of the Tejas being inducted into the Indian Air Force. It features a heavier undercarriage to enable it to cope with the massive pressures associated with landing on the short deck of an aircraft carrier. Over the last several months, the team has been carrying out tests at a shore-based facility in Goa which replicates the deck of INS Vikramaditya. "Given the favourable winds we had today, it was somewhat easier to land on the carrier than it has been to land at the shore based facility in Goa," the team member said.

The aircraft tested today is a technology demonstrator and is unlikely to go into production since it does not have the engine thrust (power) required for it to carry a meaningful weapons payload when deployed on the deck of an aircraft carrier. The tests now being conducted are meant to test whether a host of systems designed specifically for operations off an aircraft carrier function effectively and are reliable. These could be a part of a substantially larger, twin engine variant of the Tejas being designed by Hindustan Aeronautics as a possible replacement for the Russian designed MiG-29K fighters presently deployed on the INS Vikramaditya.

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