"Bad City Dreams" features about 20 photographs of Gurgaon, 30 kilometres southwest of New Delhi, by Paris-based Arthur Crestani.
The pictures show construction workers, villagers and vendors posing against large, glossy advertisements for luxury developments, with construction sites looming behind them.
"I wanted to show how the real estate market is shaping dreams and desires, the idea of home and city, which is in total contrast to the reality of Indian cities," said Mr Crestani, who first went to Delhi as an exchange student in 2010.
"The language and visuals of the ads are so exuberant - all lush settings and serene lives. But they are fantasised versions that are not representative of the reality, and do not include the workers and the villagers," he said.
"Cities want to be seen as modern, global and smart, but (they) cover up real problems like pollution and the lack of planning and infrastructure," said Mr Crestani, 27, whose photographs are being exhibited in a Paris show until May 6.
But Mr Crestani said the people he photographed seemed to accept their place in society.
"There was some sadness about not being a part of the world in the ads. But there was also hope for a better future for their children," he said. "They also really liked those buildings in the ads."
(Reporting by Rina Chandran, Thomson Reuters Foundation)
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