Food fortification basically refers to the process of adding essential micronutrients, such as vitamins and minerals, to food staples to make them more nutritious. Fortified foods are recommended to individuals whose nutrient deficiencies are not managed by dietary supplementation due to the insufficient absorption of minerals. However, those who follow a balanced diet, including vegetables, whole grains, legumes, green leafy vegetables, lean meat, fish and dairy products, shouldn't be consuming fortified foods.
However, FSSAI officials didn't receive encouragement from the food industry on this matter. FSSAI's latest move would require food companies to appoint specialised personnel and procure additional raw materials and standardised chemicals for the fortification process.
While fortified foods is a stepping stone towards preventing malnutrition on a large scale, health experts point out the fact that there could be chances of increased toxicity as well, if proper method of fortification is not carried out by the respective food brands. If consumed by those who do not suffer from nutrient deficiencies, it could even lead to side effects and weight gain. Therefore there needs to be strict guidelines and awareness initiatives related to doubly fortified foods.