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Updated:28 May, 2020, 15:59 PM IST

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Updated:28 May, 2020, 16:01 PM IST

NTPC, India's largest power company, was incorporated on November 7, 1975 to accelerate power development in India. Today, it has emerged as an ‘Integrated Power Major’, with a significant presence in the entire value chain of power generation business.

With a current generating capacity of 30,144 MW, NTPC has embarked on plans to become a 75,000 MW company by 2017. NTPC is emerging as a diversified power major with presence in the entire value chain of the power generation business. Apart from power generation, which is the mainstay of the company, NTPC has already ventured into consultancy, power trading, ash utilization and coal mining.

The total installed capacity of the company is 30, 144 MW (including JVs) with 15 coal based and 7 gas based stations, located across the country. In addition under JVs, 3 stations are coal based & another station uses naptha/LNG as fuel. By 2017, the power generation portfolio is expected to have a diversified fuel mix with coal based capacity of around 53000 MW, 10000 MW through gas, 9000 MW through Hydro generation, about 2000 MW from nuclear sources and around 1000 MW from Renewable Energy Sources (RES). NTPC has adopted a multi–pronged growth strategy which includes capacity addition through green field projects, expansion of existing stations, joint ventures, subsidiaries and takeover of stations.

NTPC has been operating its plants at high efficiency levels. Although the company has 18.79% of the total national capacity it contributes 28.60% of total power generation due to its focus on high efficiency.

In October 2004, NTPC launched its Initial Public Offering (IPO) consisting of 5.25% as fresh issue and 5.25% as offer for sale by Government of India. NTPC thus became a listed company in November 2004 with the government holding 89.5% of the equity share capital. The rest is held by Institutional Investors and the Public. The issue was a resounding success. NTPC is among the largest five companies in India in terms of market capitalization.

At NTPC people before Plant Load Factor is the mantra that guides all HR related policies. NTPC has been awarded No.1, Best Workplace in India among large organizations for the year 2008, by the Great Places to Work Institute, India Chapter in collaboration with The Economic Times.

The concept of Corporate Social Responsibility is deeply ingrained in NTPC's culture. Through its expansive CSR initiatives NTPC strives to develop mutual trust with the communities that surround its power stations.

Right from social to developmental work of the community and welfare based dependence to creating greater self reliance; the constant endeavour is to institutionalize social responsibility on various levels.

Presently, NTPC generates power from Coal and Gas. With an installed capacity of 30,144 MW, NTPC is the largest power generating major in the country. It has also diversified into hydro power, coal mining, power equipment manufacturing, oil & gas exploration, power trading & distribution. With an increasing presence in the power value chain, NTPC is well on its way to becoming an “Integrated Power Major.”NTPC was the first among power utilities in India to start Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) studies and reinforced it with Periodic Environmental Audits and Reviews.

Business area of the company:

  • Power Generation
  • Consultancy services
  • Power trading
  • Ash utilisation 
  • Coal mining

Business divisions :

Hydro Power: In order to give impetus to hydro power growth in the country and to have a balanced portfolio of power generation, NTPC entered hydro power business with the 800 MW Koldam hydro project in Himachal Pradesh. Two more projects have also been taken up in Uttarakhand. A wholly owned subsidiary, NTPC Hydro Ltd., is setting up hydro projects of capacities up to 250 MW.

Coal Mining: In a major backward integration move to create fuel security, NTPC has ventured into coal mining business with an aim to meet about 20% of its coal requirement from its captive mines by 2017. The Government of India has so far allotted 7 coal blocks to NTPC, including 2 blocks to be developed through joint venture route. Coal Production is likely to start in 2009–10.

Power Trading: 'NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam Ltd.' (NVVN), a wholly owned subsidiary was created for trading power leading to optimal utilization of NTPC’s assets. It is the second largest power trading company in the country. In order to facilitate power trading in the country, ‘National Power Exchange Ltd.’, a JV between NTPC, NHPC, PFC and TCS has been formed for operating a Power Exchange.

Ash Business: NTPC has focused on the utilization of ash generated by its power stations to convert the challenge of ash disposal into an opportunity. Ash is being used as a raw material input for cement companies and brick manufacturers. NVVN is engaged in the business of Fly Ash export and sale to domestic customers. Joint ventures with cement companies are being planned to set up cement grinding units in the vicinity of NTPC stations.

Power Distribution: ‘NTPC Electric Supply Company Ltd.’ (NESCL), a wholly owned subsidiary of NTPC, was set up for distribution of power. NESCL is actively engaged in ‘Rajiv Gandhi Gramin Vidyutikaran Yojana’programme for rural electrification and also working as 'Advisor cum Consultant' for Ministry of Power for implementation of Accelerated Power Development and Reforms Programme(APDRP) launched by Government of India.

Equipment Manufacturing: Enormous growth in power sector necessitates augmentation of power equipment manufacturing capacity. NTPC has formed JVs with BHEL and Bharat Forge Ltd. for power plant equipment manufacturing. NTPC has also acquired stake in Transformers and Electricals Kerela Ltd. (TELK) for manufacturing and repair of transformers.

Subsidiaries of the company:

  1. NTPC Hydro Ltd
  2. 'NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam Ltd
  3. NTPC Electric Supply Company Ltd
  4. Pipavav Power Development Co. Ltd. (PPDCL)
  5. Kanti Bijlee Utpadan Nigam Limited
  6. Bharatiya Rail Bijlee Company Limited

Apart from this the company is having 13 different Joint ventures as well.

  1. PTC India Limited
  2. Utility Powertech Limited (UPL)
  3. NTPC–SAIL Power Company Pvt. Ltd.
  4. NTPC–Alstom Power Services Private Limited
  5. NTPC Tamil Nadu Energy Company Ltd.
  6. Ratnagiri Gas and power Pvt. Limited
  7. Aravali Power Company Private Ltd.
  8. NTPC–SCCL Global Venture Pvt. Ltd.
  9. Meja Urja Nigam Private Limited
  10. NTPC BHEL Power Projects Pvt Ltd.
  11. BF–NTPC Energy Systems Limited
  12. Nabinagar Power Generating Company Private Limited
  13. National Power Exchange Limited

Achievements/ recognition:

Company Rankings:

Forbes' Global 2000 list of top listed firmsPlatts Top 250 Global Energy Company Rankings – 2010NTPC – the Most Respected Company in Power SectorIndia’s Biggest News Makers SurveyBusiness Standard's 'BS1000' companies

Environment Awards:

Golden Peacock Environmental Management Award: NTPC's National Capital Thermal Power Project, Dadri was awarded the Golden Peacock Environment Management Award for the year 2010.

CII Sustainability Award: NTPC's Talcher Thermal Power Station bagged the prestigious 'Commendation Certificate' for strong commitment under Sustainability Awards Scheme instituted by CII for sustainable performance of the station in the areas of Environment, Society and Economics.

3rd Green Globe Foundation Awards: Green Globe Foundation is partnered by knowledge partners TERI and Wizcraft International Entertainment. Award ceremony took place on 2nd February, 2011 at the Taj Palace in New Delhi.

The Sunday Indian Special Mega Excellence – “India’s Best Environment Driven Company Award – 2009: NTPC awarded The Sunday Indian Special Mega Excellence – 'India's Best Environment Driven Company Award–2009'. This award is a special award to recognize and applaud the commitment of NTPC Limited towards environment and ecology

HR Awards:

NTPC awarded for Excellence in HR 2013NTPC has been conferred three Awards by the World HRD Congress & Star group at the 4th Asian’s Best Employer Brand Awards held at Singapore on 31st July,2013.  The company has been Awarded for Talent Management, Award for Excellence in HR through Technology and Asian’s Best Employer Brand Award (RANK 14th).Three Awards by the world HRD Congress and Star Group NTPC has been conferred three Awards by the world HRD Congress & Star group at the 4th Asian’s Best Employer Brand Awards held at Singapore on 31.07.2013.The company has been given Award for Talent Management, Award for Excellence in HR through Technology and Asian’s best employer Brand Award (RANK 14th).NDTV Leadership Award 2013 for NTPC NTPC awarded as Business Leader in the Power Sector at the NDTV Business Leadership Awards held yesterday in New Delhi. The award was presented by Shri Montek Singh Ahluwalia, Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission of India in the presence of Dr Prannoy Roy to Shri Arup Roy Choudhury, CMD, NTPC. India’s top business leaders were awarded on the occasion.Top honors for NTPC at Best Companies to Work for 2012 in India Ranked 3rd overall , First amongst the PSUs , First in Manufacturing and Production Industry Segment

NTPC Limited received the recognition ‘Significant Achievement in HR Excellence’ at prestigious CII National HR Excellence Award–2011. NTPC ranked 19th by the GPTW for 2011 amongst 25 top Best Companies in India

NTPC wins Star TV Talent Leadership and HR Award: NTPC received the HR Excellence Award for PSU Sector for Innovative HR Practices at the World HRD Congress at the Star TV Talent Leadership and HR Awards.

Two Awards for NTPC at Asia Best Employer Brand Awards: NTPC bagged two awards at the Asia Best Employer Brand Ceremony held at Singapore recently for Best HR Strategy in line with Business and Award for Talent ManagementOverall 7th in ‘India’s Best Companies to Work for 2010’, 1st amongst the PSUs and 1st in Manufacturing & Production Industry Segment: NTPC has been ranked 7th overall in ‘India’s Best Companies to Work for 2010’, a study by The Great Places to Work Institute India and The Economic Times.

Great Places to Work Award 2010: NTPC, New Delhi has been ranked 7th in the Top 10 Great Places to Work (GPTW) and has the distinction of being only PSU in the Top 10 Best Companies to Work For.

NCPEDP–Shell Helen Keller Award 2009: NTPC was awarded for NCPEDP – Shell Helen Keller Awards 2009 in the Category'C':Companies/organizations /institutions who share NCPEDP's vision and through their policies and practices demonstrate their belief in equal rights and gainful employment for persons with disabilities.Vishwakarma Rashtriya Puraskar (VRP) – 2007: 22 NTPC employees were awarded Vishwakarma Rashtriya Puraskar for the year 2007.

Best Companies to Work For – 2009: NTPC has been ranked Second in the Core Sector with Index Score of 98 out of 100 and ranked 21st in the 25 toppers list based on a survey of 8,742 respondents in 1000 organizations across 800 cities.

SCOPE Meritorious Award for Best Practices in Human Resource Management– NTPC has been awarded the Gold Trophy for SCOPE Meritorious Award for Best Practices in Human Resource Management for the year 2008–09.

Corporate Governance Awards:

Earth care Award 2012 to NTPC for Climate Change Initiatives

NTPC has been bestowed the honour of being most respected company in Power Sector for the year 2011 by Businessworld

Golden Peacock Global Award for Excellence in Corporate Governance – 2009 .

ICSI National Award for Excellence in Corporate Governance 2009

Performance Awards:

Top Liner Maharatna Award to NTPC

SCOPE Excellence Award to Shri Arup Roy Choudhury, CMD, NTPC

PSU Excellence Award for NTPC

Enertia Awards for NTPC Projects & Shri D K Jain, Director (Technical), NTPC Ltd receives award for Excellence in Nuclear, Thermal (Conventional Energy)

Vishwakarma Award for 12 NTPC Employees

Prime Minister’s Shram Award to NTPC’s Misri Lal Choudhary

India Pride Awards – Energy and Power Category

SAFA Best Presented Accounts Awards 2008

Enertia Award 2010

SAFA Best Presented Accounts Awards 2008

CII–EXIM Excellence Award, 2010

National Awards for Meritorious Performance

CSR Awards:

2nd India Power Awards 2009

CII ITC Sustainability Award

Greentech CSR Award 2012 to NTPC
3rd Best Company in Rewards & Recognition–2013.
NTPC awarded for Excellence in HR
Three Awards by the world HRD Congress and Star Group
NDTV Leadership Award 2013 for NTPC
Top honors for NTPC at Best Companies to Work for 2012 in India
NTPC awarded for Excellence in HR
NTPC ranked 19th by the GPTW for 2011 amongst 25 top Best Companies in India
Exemplary Leadership Award to Shri Arup Roy Choudhury for People Excellence
NTPC wins Star TV Talent Leadership and HR Award
Two Awards for NTPC at Asia Best Employer Brand Awards

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