Indian equity benchmarks extended their losses from the fag end of last week and were in the red early on Monday, tracking a broad sell-off in risk assets as the dollar keeps gaining on rising recession risks from Europe to the US.
The 30-share BSE Sensex index opened with losses of 348.37 points, or 0.58 per cent, at 59,297.78 and the broader NSE Nifty started the day 112.25 points, or 0.63 per cent, lower at 17,646.20.
"...US markets continued their descent on Friday while other Asian peers too are displaying a sluggish to negative trend in today's early trades. The minutes of the monetary policy committee (MPC) deliberation for the August monetary policy review indicated more interest rate hikes in the coming months as the retail inflation remained elevated," said Prashanth Tapse, Senior VP for Research at Mehta Equities.
"Nifty could wobble or waver from here on as the big debate heats up on whether the Fed will scale back to 50 basis points from consecutive 75-basis-point hikes in September. Amidst this backdrop, the US Dollar index rose sharply and flirted around its 20-year high at 108.50, which is negative for emerging market equities like India as it triggers capital outflows," he added.
Among the Nifty 50 stocks, 43 of them declined this morning, while the remaining 7 managed to trade in the green, National Stock Exchange data showed.
The Nifty IT index in India dropped 1.1 per cent, while the Nifty Bank index dropped 1.4 per cent.
With a 2.7 per cent decline, Kotak Mahindra Bank was the NSE index's biggest percentage loser.
Shares of One97 Communications, the business that owns Paytm, increased 3.1 per cent after the company's shareholders decided to keep Vijay Shekhar Sharma in those positions despite recommendations from an investor advisory group for him to be fired.
Adani Power Ltd. stock increased 3.4 per cent after the firm announced on Friday that it will acquire DB Power, which operates thermal power plants.
From the Sensex pack, Kotak Mahindra Bank, Tata Steel, Wipro, Tech Mahindra, Axis Bank, Bajaj Finserv, Bajaj Finance, HCL Technologies and IndusInd Bank were the major laggards.
On the other hand, Hindustan Unilever, Reliance Industries, Power Grid and ITC were trading higher.
"Investors have to exercise caution. Medium to long-term investors can buy high-quality banks on declines. Capital goods and autos are on a strong wicket," V K Vijayakumar, Chief Investment Strategist at Geojit Financial Services, told Reuters.
Up until Thursday, new foreign investment inflows and a little slowdown in inflation in both the US and India let Indian stocks prolong their bull run for the fifth week in a row.
The most recent drop in the price of crude oil on the world market also encouraged investors to buy.
Last week, the overall market value of BSE-listed companies reached an all-time high. Additionally, on Wednesday, the benchmark index Sensex crossed the psychologically significant 60,000 barrier for the first time in more than four months before falling as a result of profit taking.
Investors eye a host of policy makers at Jackson Hole later in the week, especially Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell, with risks that he will not meet investor hopes for a dovish pivot on policy.
The dollar remained in demand on Monday as concerns that the majority of the world's major central banks are determined to raise interest rates regardless of the risks to growth caused Asian markets to start the day poorly.
We expect a reminder that more tightening is needed and there is still a lot of progress to be done on inflation, but no explicit commitment to a specific rate hike action for September," \Jan Nevruzi, an analyst at NatWest Markets, told Reuters. "For markets, a bland delivery like that could be underwhelming."
Rates are anticipated to rise by 50 or 75 basis points in September, with rates expected to reach 3.5 per cent to 3.75 cent by year's end. Futures are fully priced for this increase.
According to a Reuters poll of analysts, the Fed will increase interest rates by 50 basis points in September, with the likelihood of a higher peak being more likely.
China's central bank is anticipated to cut several key lending rates by between 10 and 15 basis points on Monday, bucking the trend toward global tightening.
Last week, concern over China's economy sent the yuan to a three-month low and put pressure on stocks in the area.
Early Monday, MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan was off 0.4 per cent.
Japan's Nikkei declined 1.0 per cent, while South Korea's KOSPI lost 1.1 per cent, despite being helped by a recent dramatic yen reversal.
Nasdaq futures fell 0.6 per cent, while S&P 500 futures declined 0.5 per cent. The S&P 500 has repeatedly failed to clear its 200-day moving average around 4,320 and ended last week down 1.2 per cent.
According to the most recent investor survey by Bank of America (BofA), the majority of investors are still negative, but 88 per cent do anticipate reduced inflation in the future, the greatest number since the financial crisis.
"That helps explain this month's rotation into equities, tech and discretionary, and out of defensives," BofA strategist Michael Hartnett, told Reuters. "Relative to history investors are still long defensives and short cyclicals."
The last week's sharp increase in global bond yields did little to improve equity valuations. Following a shocking inflation data, British 10-year rates increased to their highest level in five years, while bund yields increased in response to a sharp increase in German producer prices.
While the curve remained sharply inverted to represent the possibility of recession, US 10-year Treasury rates increased 14 basis points during the course of the week and last stood at just under 3 per cent.
The dollar experienced its best performance since April 2020 last week, rising 2.3 per cent to 108.18 on a basket of currencies as a result of the prevailing air of global anxiety, making it the most liquid safe haven.
In addition, there was pressure on oil prices due to concerns about the rising dollar and worldwide demand. Compared to US crude, which lost 99 cents to reach $89.78 a barrel, Brent was down $1.02 at $95.70.