The Reserve Bank of India was spotted buying dollars via state-run banks starting around 58.98 on Monday, three traders told Reuters. The central bank continued its heavy intervention to curb strength in the rupee.
The rupee ended at 59.20, slightly lower than Friday's close of 59.17. At its day's high, rupee hit 58.98.
The rupee had opened stronger tracking gains in local share markets, which hit record highs for a second straight session on continued hopes of wide-ranging reforms by the new government. (Read: Sensex, Nifty hit record high)
According to a Reuters poll last week, the rupee will only make scant gains in the next 12 months as the economy remains weak, although optimism around a new government and a narrowing current account deficit will underpin the currency.
The rupee is among the best-performing emerging currencies this year, rising four four percent since January. It hit a one-year high of 58.25 against the dollar on May 22 - a week after Prime Minister Narendra Modi's landslide victory in general elections.
But analysts believe its rally is largely over. The poll of over 30 currency strategists, conducted June 2-5, predicted one US dollar will fetch Rs. 59.25 by the end of June, 59.20 in three months and 60.16 in a year.
Still, those are the strongest rupee forecasts in a long while. The consensus rose above 60 per dollar in the one- and three-month horizons for the first time since August and follows strong net inflows into the financial markets.
Over Rs. 33,700 crore in foreign money poured into Indian stocks and bonds last month, up from almost nothing in April. The stock market is trading near a record high.
"Mr Modi has been sending all the right signals so far, with considerations to allow at least 49 per cent of foreign investments into all sectors."
The ruling Bharatiya Janata Party, the first to win a majority in three decades, is expected to quickly pass key economic reforms and raise foreign investment caps in various sectors of the economy, including defence companies.
The first peek into the new government's policies will come around early July when Finance Minister Arun Jaitley unveils his maiden budget.
Recent data showing a sharp narrowing in the current account deficit to just 0.2 per cent of gross domestic product should also prop up the rupee in the interim.
Still, weak growth will probably prevent the rupee from any significant break higher. The economy grew just 4.6 per cent in the Jan-March quarter.
The US Federal Reserve's current track to end its economic stimulus before year-end will also hold it back. And the Reserve Bank of India has been intervening in the market daily, buying dollars to prevent sharp rises in the currency from strong foreign inflows.